or be severely whipped and punished by the court. Her two sons took her away to live in Rhode Island. She returned in 1641 and was banished a second time.
Hutchinson also was banished in 1638. Dyer left, but returned in 1659. She was executed a year later for her Quaker faith.
The association of witchcraft with an unpopular religious practice followed European practices pursued by the Inquisition against heretics and others. The Hawkins case was among the early witchcraft episodes in colonial New England. Had it occurred later, when increasing anti-witch hysteria developed, Hawkins most likely would have been brought to trial and perhaps executed. By the 1650s, Quaker woman missionaries were increasingly linked to witchcraft. Two missionaries, Mary Fisher and Ann Austin, were stripped of their clothing by authorities and searched for wiTCH's MARKs.
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