Hawkins Jane

hounds, which sprang upon her. "I run a very long time," said Gowdie, "but being hard pressed, was forced to take to my house, the door being open, and there took refuge behind a chest." The dogs pursued her into the house, and Gowdie escaped only by running into another room and uttering a "disenchanting" charm:

Hare, hare, God send thee care! I am in a hare's likeness now; But I shall be a woman even now— Hare, hare, God send thee care!

Many stories exist in folklore of hunters shooting hares, only to discover they had killed old hag witches, who resumed their human forms upon death much like the werewolf in disguise. The following Irish folktale, from W. B. Yeats' collection of Irish Fairy and Folk Tales (1892), tells of the wounding of a witch hare:

I was out thracking hares meeself, and I seen a fine puss of a thing hopping hopping in the moonlight, and whacking her ears about, now up, now down, and winking her great eyes, and—"Here goes," says I, and the

Magical hare woman, found abandoned beneath a Gypsy caravan in England; in the collection of the Museum of Witchcraft in Boscastle, Cornwall (PHOTO BY AUTHOR; COURTESY MUSEUM OF WITCHCRAFT)

thing was so close to me that she turned round and looked at me, and then bounced back, as well to say, do your worst! So I had the least grain of life of blessed powder left, and I put it in the gun—and bang at her! My jewel, the scritch she gave would frighten a rigment, and a mist, like, came betwixt me and her, and I seen her no more; but when the mist wint off I saw blood on the spot where she had been, and I followed its track, and at last it led me—whists, whisper—right up to Katey MacShane's door; and when I was at the thrashold, I heerd a murnin' within, a great murnin', and a groanin', and I opened the door, and there she was herself, sittin' quite content in the shape of a woman, and the black cat that was sittin' by her rose up its back and spit at me; but

I went on never heedin', and asked the ould-how she was and what ailed her.

"Nothing," sis she.

"What's that on the floor?" sis I.

"Oh," she say, "I was cuttin' a billet of wood," she says, "wid the reaping hook," she says, "an' I've wounded meself in the leg," she says, "and that's drops of my precious blood," she says.

In Norse mythology, the hare is the companion of Freya, goddess of fecundity.

FuRTHER READING:

Leach, Maria, ed., and Jerome Fried, assoc. ed. Funk & Wag-nall's Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology and Legend. New York: Harper & Row, 1972. Yeats, W. B. Irish Fairy and Folk Tales. 1892. Reprint, New York: Dorset Press, 1986.

Hawkins, Jane (17th century) Massachusetts midwife and healer expelled on suspicions of witchcraft in the delivery of a deformed, stillborn fetus. The witchcraft accusations were mixed with a religious controversy affecting Jane Hawkins as well.

Hawkins, married to Richard Hawkins, was well known for her midwifery skills and medical remedies. She also was associated with the Antinomians, a Quaker religious faction that became engaged in political controversy with the dominant Puritans. The Antinomians were led by a woman, Anne Hutchinson.

Hawkins served as midwife to a woman named Mary Dyer, a fellow Antinomian who gave birth in October 1637 to a deformed fetus called a "monster." Authorities declared that it was a sign of God's displeasure with the Antinomians.

Animosity arose against Hawkins, Dyer and Hutchin-son. It was said that Hawkins "had familiarity with the Devil" when she had lived in St. Ives, Cornwall, England, and would give young women oil of mandrake to make them conceive. In March 1638, she was ordered "not to meddle in surgery, or physic, drinks, plasters, or oils, not to question matters of religion, except with the elders for satisfaction," according to official records. In June 1638, Hawkins was ordered expelled from Massachusetts Colony

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