Further reading

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Adler, Margot. Drawing Down the Moon. Revised ed. New

York: Viking, 1986. Clifton, Chas S., ed. Witchcraft Today: Book One The Modern Craft Movement. St. Paul: Llewellyn Publications, 1993.

Farrar, Janet, and Stewart Farrar. A Witches Bible Compleat.

New York: Magickal Childe, 1984. Leland, Charles G. Aradia: Gospel of the Witches. Custer,

Wash.: Phoenix Publishing, 1990.

Arianrod Welsh goddess of the dawn, famed for her beauty, whose name means "silver wheel" or "silver circle." Arianrod is a significant figure in Wicca and Paganism. She was worshiped as a virgin/fertility goddess and as a lunar goddess. She was the mistress of GwYDION THE Wizard and bore twin sons, Llew Llaw Gyffes (the counterpart to the Irish Lugh) and Dylan, a god of the sea. She is associated with the constellation Corona Borealis, which is also known as Caer Arianrod.

Ar nDraiocht Fein (ADF) The largest Pagan Druid organization and church in the world. Ar nDraiocht Fein is Irish Gaelic for "Our Own Druidism."

The ADF has no direct links to the ancient Druids but is a reconstruction of Druidic and Indo-European pagan rituals and religious traditions. It was founded in 1983 by P. E. I. Isaac Bonewits, former Archdruid of several groves within the now defunct Reformed Druids of North America. Bonewits served as Archdruid for 10 years and remains active in the organization.

In an open letter in 1983, Bonewits outlined his vision for creating a modern, Neopagan Druidic religion. "I see Druids as being artists and intellectuals, magicians and clergy, holders of the highest wisdom their cultures (or subcultures) have to offer," he said.

ADF integrates religion with alternate healing arts, ecology-consciousness, psychic development and artistic expression. It is organized in groves, many of them named after trees. The oak tree is sacred, as it was to the ancient Druids. The groves observe eight seasonal High Days that coincide with the sABBATs observed in Wicca and conduct regular study and discussion groups and a wide range of artistic activities. Through study and training, members advance through a series of five circles, the fourth of which is the equivalent of a master's degree, and the fifth the equivalent of a doctorate. The idea of the circle structure was borrowed from the Church OF ALL worlds.

Worship and rituals usually are conducted outdoors. ADF is polytheistic, and recognition of various deities depends on the individual grove and the purpose of the rites. The one deity who is worshiped at every ritual is the Earth-Mother (Mother Nature). The Three Kindreds of deities, ancestors and nature spirits of the Three Worlds—Land, Sea and Sky—are invoked. The Waters of Life, passed or asperged in rites, represent the spark of immanent deity.

Liturgy and rituals are based upon scholarly research of old Indo-European religious, folk magic, art and social customs. The research is ongoing and involves translation of numerous foreign and archaic language texts. The

ADF claims no unbroken lineages or traditions and does not promote any "one right and true way" of Druidism.

Bonewits identified five phases of liturgical design common in the religions of related Indo-European cultures:

1. The consecration of time and space; the psychic centering, grounding and unifying of the participants into a "groupmind."

2. The opening of the Gates Between the Worlds and the starting of a flow of energy back and forth between participants and deities.

3. The raising and sending of the major part of the congregation's energy to the deities being worshiped.

4. The returning of power from the deities to the congregation.

5. The reversing of the rite's beginnings and the closing down of the psychic, magical and spiritual energy fields that were created.

ADF rituals are not conducted within barriers such as a MAGIC CIRCLE, and participants can come and go while rituals are in progress.

Sacrifices made to the deities include tree branches, fruits, flowers and vegetables. Although animal, even human, sacrifices were performed in most paleo-Pagan religions, they are strictly forbidden in ADF rituals, as well as in neo-Paganism in general.

Clergy wear long white robes; members of the congregation are encouraged to dress in paleo-Pagan garb. Bone-wits introduced the white beret as a signature of ADF; the berets and any headcoverings are removed upon entrance to a ritual site, except during very hot weather. The ADF's sigil, a circle pierced by two vertical parallel lines, was first associated with neo-Pagan Druidism by David Fisher, the founder of the Reformed Druids of North America. The sigil may have been taken from the shape of a foundation of an old Roman-Celtic temple. The logo, a branch sprouting from an oak tree stump, is a Celtic rendition inspired by the badge of the Scottish MacEwen clan.

The only piece of dogma espoused by the ADF is the Doctrine of Archdruidic Fallibility. The Archdruid does not have all the answers and can make mistakes.

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Fundamentals of Magick

Fundamentals of Magick

Magick is the art and practice of moving natural energies to effect needed or wanted change. Magick is natural, there is absolutely nothing supernatural about it. What is taught here are various techniques of magick for beginners. Magick is natural and simple and the techniques to develop abilities should be simple and natural as well. What is taught on this site is not only the basics of magick, but the basics of many things.

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