Further reading

Finucane, R. C. Appearances of the Dead: A Cultural History of

Ghosts. Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1984. Gauld, Alan, and A. D. Cornell. Poltergeists. London: Rout-

ledge & Kegan Paul, 1979. Thomas, Keith. Religion and the Decline of Magic. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971.

girdle measuring An old technique of magical HEALING by wise women and men, wizards and witches involving the measuring of the patient's girdle or belt. Changes in girth revealed the presence of evil spirits or FAIRIEs which had invaded the body to cause the illness. After exorcising the entity, usually through CHARMs, the witch took another measurement to verify that the spirit was gone. Some cures involved the recitation of charms, cutting up of the girdle and burying the pieces in the ground. Girdle measuring was a widespread practice in Europe and the British Isles through the end of the 16th century. See spirit exorcism.

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Healing Spiritual Techniques

Healing Spiritual Techniques

Spiritual healing is the ability of your mind and soul to repair your ailments. These ailments are not limited mere physical wounds, but can also relate to mental illness and self esteem issues. Many modern day physicians invoke the idea of spiritual healing along with western medicine as a means to promote the health of their patients.

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