Further reading

Burl, Aubrey. Rites of the Gods. London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., 1981.

-. Rings of Stone. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1979.

Hadingham, Evan. Circles and Standing Stones. New York: Anchor Books, 1976.

Awen In Druidry, divine inspiration. "Awen" is Welsh for "gift of the gods" or "inspiration." Awen is especially associated with the poetic inspiration that comes to the bard in trance or altered state of consciousness. In Celtic lore, the goddess CERRIDWEN brews Awen in her CAULDRON. Three drops fall upon the fingers of Gwion, a youth who was her assistant, giving him great and magical knowledge.

In Druidry, Awen is chanted in ceremonies to receive divine inspiration and knowledge. It is part of making magic, the ability to manifest dreams and goals.

Baba Yaga In Russian folklore, a female witch who loved to roast and eat people, preferably children. She was as likely to pop a niece in the oven as she was a stranger. She lived in a little hut beyond a river of fire in the "thrice tenth kingdom." The hut was ringed with stakes topped by human heads. It stood on chickens' legs and dogs' heels and turned on command. Those who were brave enough to enter the hut usually found Baba Yaga lying on the floor with her right leg in one corner and her left leg in another, sometimes with her nose growing into the ceiling.

The Bony-Legged One, as Baba Yaga often was called, would cackle at her guests, "Fie! Fie! I smell a Russian bone!" If she didn't try to get them into the oven, she gave them advice.

Baba Yaga possessed a magic wand and flew in an iron mortar (cauldron) that she spurred on with a pestle as she swept away her tracks with a BRooM. She had two or three sisters, also called Baba Yaga.

Further READING:

Leach, Maria, ed., and Jerome Fried, assoc. ed. Funk & Wag-nall's Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology and Legend. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.

Baba Yaga

Babylonian Devil trap A terra-cotta bowl inscribed with CHARMs or magical texts to drive away evil. Babylonian Devil traps were common between the third to first centuries B.C.E. and sixth century C.E. They were adopted by captive Hebrews.

The bowls were inverted and buried under the four corners of the foundations of houses and buildings. Their magic was believed to protect against an assortment of evils, including male and female demons, illness, curses and the EVIL EYE. Some inscriptions invoked God or

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