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began in a bookcase, spilled out into the Bucklands' basement and eventually needed a separate building.

In 1969, Buckland published his first book, A Pocket Guide to the Supernatural, followed in 1970 by Witchcraft Ancient and Modern and Practical Candleburning Rituals. Also in 1970, he published a novel Mu Revealed, written under the pseudonym Tony Earll, an anagram for not really. The novel was written tongue in cheek, inspired by the successful books on the lost continent of Mu by James Churchward. Witchcraft from the Inside was published in 1971.

The year 1973 was transitional. The museum collection was big enough to fill a rented building, and Buckland quit his job to run it full time. However, the Bucklands' marriage broke up, and they turned the leadership of their coven over to Theos and Phoenix of Long Island. Buckland moved to Weirs Beach, New Hampshire, where in 1974 he married Joan Helen Taylor and reopened the museum.

At about the same time, Buckland left the Gardnerian tradition and founded Seax-Wica, a new open and democratic tradition based on Saxon heritage. He had two primary reasons for making this move: Gardnerian witchcraft no longer met his religious needs, and he had been dismayed at some of the ego and power trips exhibited within the Craft. His book The Tree: The Complete Book of Saxon Witchcraft was published in 1974.

Four years later, the couple moved to Virginia Beach, Virginia, where Buckland became educational director of the Poseidia Institute. He and Joan established the Seax-Wica Seminary, a correspondence school that grew to have more than 1,000 students worldwide. Plans to establish a campus, however, did not materialize.

After nearly 10 years of marriage, Buckland and Joan divorced in 1982. In 1983, he married Tara Cochran of Cleveland. They moved to Charlottesville, Virginia, where they operated the seminary school and Taray Publications. In December 1984, they moved to San Diego, and the seminary correspondence course was phased out. Seax-Wica covens remain established around the world.

In San Diego, Buckland withdrew from having a high profile in witchcraft, practicing with his wife with a small coven and as solitaries. In 1986, his 11th book on witchcraft was published, Buckland's Complete Book of Witchcraft, which comprised everything Buckland felt he had to say on the subject. Some witches criticized him for revealing too much. While the book does not reveal Gardnerian secrets, it does reflect his view that the Craft should be more open.

In the late 1980s, Buckland turned to new creative avenues, writing books on other topics, plus screenplays and novels in comedy, mystery and Tolkien-style fantasy genres. In addition, he wrote numerous magazine and newspaper articles on witchcraft and appeared on talk shows and lectured at universities. He also served as technical adviser for Orson Welles' movie Necromancy and for a stage production of Macbeth, working with

William Friedkin, the director of The Exorcist. Buckland acted in small parts in several films, including the role of the crazy psychiatrist in Mutants in Paradise.

In 1992, Buckland and his family moved to a small farm in north-central Ohio. He retired from active involvement in the Craft, save for occasional public appearances. He continues his solitary practice in Seax-Wica and PectiWita, a Scottish tradition inspired by Aidan Breac and developed by Buckland.

In 1999, Buckland sold his Museum of Witchcraft and Magic, a collection of about 500 pieces, to Monte Plaisance and Tolia-Ann, a Gardnerian high priest and high priestess couple in Houma, New Orleans. The metaphysical store "Crossroads" housed the museum and also serves as the location of the Church of Thessaly.

Buckland continues to make public appearances, lecturing, teaching workshops and working as a medium at Lily Dale Assembly Spiritualist camp in New York.

His other nonfiction books are Witchcraft. . . the Religion (1966); Amazing Secrets of the Psychic World (1975); Here Is the Occult (1974); Anatomy of the Occult (1977); The Magic of Chant-O-Matics (1978); Practical Color Magick (1983); Secrets of Gypsy Fortunetelling (1988); Secrets of Gypsy Love Magic (1990); Secrets of Gypsy Dream Reading (1990); Scottish Witchcraft (1991); Witchcraft Yesterday and Today, a video (1990); The Book of African Divination (1992); Doors to Other Worlds (1993); Ray Buckland's Magic Cauldron (1995); Truth About Spirit Communication (1995); Advanced Candle Magic (1996); Buckland Gypsies Domino Divination Cards (1995); Gypsy Fortune Telling Tarot Kit (1998); Gypsy Witchcraft and Magic (1998); Gypsy Dream Dictionary (1999); Coin Divination (2000); Buckland Romani Tarot Deck and Book (2001); Wicca for Life (2001); The Witch Book (2001); The Fortune-Telling Book (2003); Signs, Symbols and Omens (2003); Cards of Alchemy (2003); Wicca for One (2004); Buckland's Book of Spirit Communications (2004); The Spirit Book (2006); Buckland Spirit Board and Ouija—Yes! Yes! (2006); Me-diumship and Spirit Communication (2005); Face to Face With God? (2006); "Death, Where Is Thy Sting?" (2006); and Dragons, Shamans and Spiritualists (2007). Other novels are The Committice (1993); Cardinal's Sin (1996); and The Torque of Kernow (2008).

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