The Golden Bough, by James Frazer (I prefer the Third Edition). One of the earliest and most influential works in the field of comparative mythology, at least as far as the English-speaking world was concerned. By the 1930s, most of his theories and interpretations were no longer accepted by social scientists, yet many of his core ideas became and remain a part, not just of Neo-pagan Witchcraft, but also of Western culture as a whole during the early part of the twentieth century.
The White Goddess: A Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth, by Robert Graves. While the history, comparative mythology, and Celtic Studies in this book are worthless, this book was one of the major sources of ideas for what was to become Mesopagan, then Neopagan Witchcraft. Unlike most of his other works, therefore, I can recommend it solely as an historical curiosity.
Aradia: or the Gospel of the Witches - Expanded Edition, by Charles Leland, translated by Mario (and Mama) Pazzaglini. A fresh translation of one of Gardner's main sources, with commentary by modern writers, some of them scholarly and some of them not. Leland was a respected folklorist when he first published this work describing an underground Pagan cult in the mountains of Italy that had supposedly survived to his day (1899).
The Witch-Cult in Western Europe, The God of the Witches, and The Divine King in England, all by Margaret Murray. Almost everything she had to say about the supposed survivals of Paleopagan cults into the Middle Ages (when their supposed members were persecuted as witches) has been thoroughly disproved by modern scholarship. Yet these are still important books with which modern Witches should become familiar.
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