Hell Really Exists

Hell Really Exists

Koonika Miidu is the author and the creator of this helpful program. The author of this program wants to show you that the Hell really exists and no one can change that reality. Though, he believes there's a way you can be saved from it and that is exactly what this program is all about. The program contains a lot of information to help you discover the confirmed facts about hell. There are testimonies from people that have visited hell and come back. Those are the people that want to show you the reality and also advise you to stop gambling with your soul. It is very easy to be convinced that this program is for Christians only. Hell is not for a specific religion. As a matter of fact, every person regardless of their religious background should take caution. The Hell Really Exists program is available in downloadable PDF formats. This means you need an Adobe Acrobat reader so you will be able to download and read it. As a matter of fact, you will get some other DVD format programs with testimonies from over 70 people that wishes to help you along the way. Read more here...

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The history of the idea of Satan and Satanism

The idea of Satan was litde developed m early Judaism, although it has been pointed out that the Old Testament did contain references that might be taken to refer to evil mystical beings. Suffering and misery was attributed merely to the inscrutability of God's will. Then the Hebrew term sataiias originally meant adversary or opponent and referred not to a being, but to the act or function of opposing. In afflicting human beings, a satan's role as a servant of God was to test the strength and sincerity of the commitment of human beings to God. However, during the persecution of the Jews and particularly dunng their Exodus into Persia, Judaic thought, under the influence of Zoroastnamsm, began to express a sense of dualism, of forces of good and evil in opposition. On their return, the misery of their, situation developed an apocalyptic notion of the world's being dominated by independent forces of evil which could not be changed but would one day be destroyed by God. The animal...

The devils favorite challenge

New England ministers preached that the devil had singled out Puritans for special challenges because they were the most dedicated opponents of evil on Earth. Furthermore, they believed that witches were human manifestations (embodiments) of the devil, and that the devil's favorite way of testing Puritans was to place witches in the heart of their communities. Cotton Mather (see biography and primary sources entries), the prominent Massachusetts Bay minister, expressed the typical view in Wonders of the Invisible World (1693), his famous book on proofs of witchcraft If any are scandalized that New England, a place of as serious piety as any I can hear of under Heaven should be troubled so much with witches, I think 'tis no wonder where will the Devil show the most malice but where he is hated, and hateth, most As life in the New World became increasingly difficult, the Puritans began blaming witches for all of their problems economic hardship, epidemic illnesses, political conflict,...

Fear and the Construction of Satan

Scope In this lecture, we turn to the question of fear and study how Europeans reacted to the upheavals during the transition from late medieval to early modern life. We then explore the nature of fear and how it was used by those in power to strengthen their rule. From this discussion, the lecture proceeds to a discussion of the devil in the Western tradition, his origins in the ancient past, Christian views on the devil, and the redefinition iconographical as well as theological of Satan at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The lecture concludes by exploring the centrality of Satan in the construction of the witch craze.

The Devil Key Pathway

The sixteenth card given the key of fifteen. The Devil is a difficult card to fully understand and as such it may seem hard to understand fully how the Devil can follow such a shot in the arm to civilisation and the Renaissance Age. The key can be found in the visual images of the card itself. The mark of the devil is the five pointed star with four points up and one point down. The four elements of matter rise while the spirit is lowest. From out of the light of the Renaissance comes the age of reason and rationality. Art and poetry is left behind as science ascends as if a god. Materialism is next to raise its ugly head, replacing spirituality in its importance and money is mans new divine. This is the dawning of the age of industry bringing with it steam engines, mass production printing presses and the first flying machines. The number fifteen is the conjunction of opposite principles and also the number of love through negative aspects.

Pythagoras finds wisdom in the underworld And Hermippus has something else to say about

Hermippus of Smyrna, an important figure in the history of Greek biography, worked in the third century B.C. (see also 45). This is a rationalizing account of the shamanic practice of mapping descent into underground chambers and emergence therefrom onto the sequence of death, edification in the underworld, and return to life. Burkert (1972 155-9) suggests that the mother who slips pythagoras notes is in particular a rationalization of his instruction in the underworld by the mother-goddess Demeter.

Modern Ideas Of Satanism

Two strands can be idendfied in twentieth-century Chnsnan concepts of Satan and satamsm, neither of which is of recent ongin. The first, which denves from the earlier ideas that have just been outlined, is a belief in a secret organisation dedicated to the worship of its head and master, Satan and to working for the overthrow of the Christian Church and Christian civilization. Its rituals of worship are believed to be characterized by all that is most evil and depraved they include human sacrifice, cannibalism and depraved sexual orgies where all the rules of incest and social custom are ignored. Versions of this belief are held by many twentieth-century Christians all over the world, more particularly m the Protestant denominations, and most of all in the fundamentalist and charismatic sects. Some people who do not see themselves as Christian at all may also hold variants of this belief. Many of these ideas are paralleled in the second source of satanic images, various folk beliefs...

Satanism And The Occult

The figure of Satan m romantic literature, particularly in the nineteenth century, has been used to represent the rebellion of the individual against the powerful, whether these are secular monarchs. Church leaders or the impersonal bureaucrats of the state. His fall from Heaven was portrayed as the result of his daring to opppose the all-powerful, rather than m the more orthodox manner as the triumph of good over evil, and he became, by this strange twist, a symbol of human liberty (Russell, 1991). Self-styled satamsts perceive themselves as aligned with this idealistic Satan, as iconoclasts and rebels, fighting to free individuals from the respression imposed by a Christian society. There are two main tenets to their opposition first, they claim that Christianity denies and suppresses the physical nature of human beings, stigmatizing the body and its pleasures as evil. They therefore take the opposite view. Secondly they deny the Christian moral evaluation of self-seeking as wrong,...

Satanist and pseudosatanist groups

There are only two long-standing, well-established groups of satamsts and each is largely the creation of one man. The Church of Satan and the Temple of Set were founded 30 and 20 years ago respectively. The founder of the Church of Satan died only m October 1997 and the founder of the Temple of Set is still its leader. Both men have been public figures in California, although they should probably be described as notorious rather than famous for their activities, since their publicity has been, probably intentionally in the case of the Church of Satan, the cause of public scandal. These founders have published a good deal of material from which the observer can learn about the two organizations' ideas and rituals, but there have been no recent estimates of their membership, whether by themselves or observers. Their active membership, however, is probably a good deal smaller than the numbers who buy their magazines or show a short-term interest. Both organizations have an international...

Eurycles the possessing prophetic demon Eleatic visitor [Those who forbid us to call

Eurycles was the name proverbially given to those who prophesied to their own misfortune. For Eurycles was believed to have a demon in his stomach, which inspired him to speak about the future. Hence he was also called a ventriloquist engastrimuthos . He met a bad end when one day he made someone a prediction they did not like. A kind of prophet is called a Eurycles after him. Earlier iv B.C. (Plato Hellenistic-Byzantine (scholium)

Eurycles the possessing prophetic demon Now people pay attention if you like frank

Hellenistic-Byzantine Scholiast Lh This Eurycles was called a ventriloquist engastrimuthos , since he prophesied to the Athenians through the demon he had inside him. Aristophanes' analogy for the process by which he came to put his own name to his comedies after writing them for others speaks for itself. There is no need to suppose that the Eurycles in question, famous to Aristophanes and his audience, was contemporary he may well have belonged to myth. Both Aristophanes and Plato (33) make it clear that the original Eurycles was a possessing demon, not a host. The confusion in Scholiast Lh here, in the Platonic scholiasts, and in the Suda (34) may derive from the fact that the name, alongside Eurycleid, did in time come to be applied generally to the hosts of this variety of demon (35).

Devils Dandy Dogs See Wild Hunt

Devil Pact

Devil's mark According to witch-hunters, the Devil always permanently marked the bodies of his initiates to seal their pledge of obedience and service to him. He marked them by raking his claw across their flesh or using a hot iron, which left a mark, usually blue or red, but not a scar. Sometimes he left a mark by licking them. The Devil supposedly branded witches at the end of initiation rites, which were performed at nocturnal sABBATs. The marks were always made in secret places, such as under eyelids, in armpits and in body cavities. The mark was considered the ultimate proof of being a witch all witches and sorcerers (see sorcery) were believed to have at least one. All persons accused of witchcraft and brought to trial were thoroughly searched for such a mark. Scars, birthmarks, natural blemishes and insensitive patches of skin that did not bleed qualified as Devil's marks. Experts firmly believed that the mark of Satan was clearly distin- Satan marking witch with claw (R. P...

Demonic Jewelry Created By The Illuminati

This jewelry was created years ago for the sole purpose of worship of the devil. As this jewelry is sent out, as with rock albums, demons also are sent out. Each symbol represents a specific spell. Below are the symbols and their occult meanings. Hexagram Called the Star of David now known as the Crest of Solomon for 3000 years. Conjures up demons the most evil sign in witch-craft. Means to Hex put a spell on someone. Unicorn Horn-Known as the Italian Horn, Fairy Wand, or Leprechaun's Staff. Means you trust in the devil for your finances. Created by a Scottish Druid. Pentagram One point up means Lucifer the symbol of all witchcraft. Two points up means Satan, the horned hunter of the night. Called the Eastern Star of Goat-head, it is the symbol of the Blue Masonic Lodge. The rainbow Lucifer's brightness Owl Occult wisdom given by the devil Scarab (Beetle) Eternal reincarnation.

The Hierarchies and Functions of Demons

Collin Plancy

Demons have been catalogued, ranked and classified of Solomon appeared, describing Solomon's magic ring for commanding the djinn and listing the names and functions of various Hebrew, Greek, Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian and perhaps Persian demons. Christian demo-nologists of the 16th and 17th centuries catalogued demons into hierarchies of hell and ascribed to them attributes and duties, including ambassadorships to various nations. JoHANN weyer, who devised the most complex hierarchy, estimated that there were 7,405,926 demons serving under 72 princes. The grimoires of ceremonial magic also give their own hierarchies. Some of the major demons important to witchcraft cases are Asmodeus. The demon of lechery, jealousy, anger and revenge. His chief objectives are to prevent intercourse between husband and wife, wreck new marriages and force husbands to commit adultery. He is also one of the chief demons involved in possession. Throughout history, he has been regarded as one of the...

The Servants Of Satan

While Christian theology portrayed the Devil as interested in drawing souls away from God and, ultimately m imposing his rule on the world, there were other images of evil that were incorporated into Christian demonology. As well as being the source of evil in the world, Satan and his demons were believed to have human allies and servants. According to Cohn (1970) it is this that distinguishes Christian beliefs m evil from those of other religions. The elaboration of this idea into the notion of the Witches Sabbath that let- loose the witchcraze in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries took time. It took up even older ideas and blended them into a single terrifying image (Cohn, 1975). Later versions of it remained a part of Western culture after the authorities had stopped the witch-hunts. One of the ways m which devils, or the Devil, were believed to associate with human beings was m lending them extra-human powers to perform acts that were beyond the range of human beings. These...

Other Satanist Groups

The Black Flame is bought by many satamsts outside the Church of Satan and knits small groups and individuals into a loose network of satamsts. There are said to be differences of oudook and practice among these groups, but most of those referred to in the literature follow the general line established by LaVey. The differences emphasised by the Temple of Set that allegedly set them off from all other groups are organizational and theoretical their practice of magic appears to be similar to those of other satamsts.

Pythagoras Salmoxis and underworld mysteries [The Thracian Getae hold themselves

They do not believe that they die, but that after death they go to join the demon Salmoxis. Some of them call this same power Belei'zis. Every five years they choose one from among themselves by lot and send him as a messenger to Salmoxis, giving him instructions as to what they need on each occasion. They send him to Salmoxis in the following way. Some of them are organized to hold up three spears. Others take hold of the man being sent to Salmoxis by his hands and feet, swing him round and throw him up into the air and onto the points of the spears. If he dies from being impaled, the god is held to be propitious to them. But if he does not die, they blame the messenger himself and say he is a worthless man, and then they proceed to send another messenger. The instructions are given to him while he is still alive. These same Thra-cians shoot arrows up toward heaven at thunder and lightening and threaten their god. They believe there to be no god other...

Sex between Humans and Demons

Demons have sexual appetites for intercourse with humans. In The Zohar ( Book of Splendor ), the principal work of the Kabbalah, any pollution of semen results in the birth of demons, including intercourse with the night-terror demons such as LILITH. Demons in the shape of human males (incubi) prey on women, while demons in female shapes (succubi) prey on men. In Christianity, the possibility of intercourse with demons was denied prior to the 12th century. But as the Inquisition gained force, intercourse with demons was a focus of interest by the 14th century. In particular, witches and other heretics enemies of the Church were said not only to have sex with demons but also to copulate wildly and frequently with them, especially at sABBATs, and to worship them in their rites. In many cases, the distinction between the Devil himself and demons was blurry. Inquisitors wrote a great deal on demonic sex. Sex with demons was portrayed as unpleasant and painful. Sometimes demons appeared to...

Satanism and Satanic Mythology

Satanism, also referred to as devil-worship, describes both a set of ideas about evil th t are part of the theology of already established religious systems, particularly Christianity, and also some reactions against them. The concept of Satan, that is, of a force representing evil that may sometimes be represented as a personified being, is not unique to Chnsa-amty, being found m both the other religions that originated in the Middle East Judaism and Islam. However, the idea has been most powerful within Christianity and, after falling into abeyance in the early years of the twentieth century, has come into prominence again as the end of the second millennium approaches. Religious developments in the second half of the century have also included the formation of groups of people calling themselves satamsts. While they cannot be understood apart from the Christian culture that provided the context for their foundation, they must be distinguished from the devil-worshippers that some...

Herbs of the Devil

As any contemporary Witch, Neo-Pagan, or educated occult historian can tell you, worship of the Christian's devil was never an element of the Old Religion or the Witches' Craft. However, the vast majority of Christians in the Middle Ages believed otherwise. They viewed all Witches as being in league with the Prince of Darkness, and were convinced that it was from him that the Witches received their evil powers. This had a big impact in the area of herbal folklore, as many of the plants used both magickally and medicinally by Witches became forever linked to the devil and branded with diabolical nicknames that reflected this. The following is a list of plants, beginning with their common names or botanical names (in italics) and followed by their nicknames relating to the devil Alaskan ginseng devil's club Alstonia scholaris devil's tree Asafoetida devil's dung Bachelor's buttons devil's flower Belladonna devil's cherries Bindweed devil's guts Cassytha spp devil's twine Celandine...

The Church Of Satan

The Church of Satan was founded m California in 1966 by Anton Szandor LaVey, a colourful figure of considerable personal magnetism, with a varied and unusual life already behind him. He had earned his living from music as a teenager, then worked in a circus as a lion tamer, calliope player, fortuneteller and hypnotist, was once employed as photographer m a police crime-laboratory and in an insurance company, and had been an organist and a clinical hypnotist. He was widely read in magic and the occult, on which he gave public lectures. His published rituals are in a variety of languages including Hnochian. This is a magical language attributed to the magician John Dee, translated by the Order of the Golden Dawn and believed to be older than Sanskrit and possibly to denve from Ancient Egypt. LaVey's taste m music, at least as far as his choice of music for ritual is i concerned, seems to be very different from the heavy-metal rock music associated in the popular imagination with...

The Satanic Oath

Re-baptism in the Devil's name, the novice given a new name to replace the Christian one. 3. Symbolic removal of the baptismal chrism (consecrated oil mixed with balm) by the Devil's touch. 5. As a token of submission, obedience, novice makes a gift of clothing to the devil. 6. While standing in a magic circle the novice pledges an Oath of Allegiance to the Devil. 8. A promise to sacrifice children to the Devil. 9. A promise to pay annual tribute to the Devil (black-colored gifts etc.) 10. Marking the initiate with the Devil's mark a strangely shaped area on the skin which became insensitive. 11. Vows of special service to the Devil, which included destruction of holy relics, and most importantly, not revealing the secrets of the sabbat.

Devils pact

Witchcraft Magazine

Exactly at dawn, use a new knife to cut a fork-shaped wand from the twig of a wild nut tree that has never borne fruit. Take the wand, a magic bloodstone and consecrated candles to the site of the ritual, preferably a ruined castle or deserted house, where one will be undisturbed and receive whatever treasures the demon produces. With the bloodstone, draw a triangle on the ground or floor, and place the candles on the side of it. Stand in middle of the triangle, hold the wand and recite the required invocation. When the work is finished, recite another incantation to dismiss the demon. Stories of Devil's pacts were common from the Middle Ages to the 16th and 17th centuries. Typically, the victim was not a witch but an ordinary person who was vulnerable to temptation. Satan or a demon would appear, sometimes as a man and sometimes as an animal, and offer to help. The pact would last for a specified number of years, at which time Satan would collect the victim would die and his soul...

Devil fish

The Devil in Legend and Literature. 1931. Reprint, La Salle, Ill. Open Court Publishing Co., 1959. Russell, Jeffrey Burton. Lucifer The Devil in the Middle Ages. Ithaca and London Cornell University Press, 1984. -. The Devil. Ithaca and London Cornell University devil fish A type of ray fish used by Mexican witches (brujas or brujos) in the casting of spells. When dried, the Devil fish resembles a man with a horned head, tail and webbed arms. It is considered effective in quieting up gossipy neighbors.


In ancient times, hellebore was used in many rituals of exorcism. Dried and burned, it was believed to drive out demons from possessed human beings and animals alike, and banish malevolent ghosts from the dwellings and other places in which they took delight haunting. It is said that sorcerers in the Middle Ages would scatter powdered hellebore on the ground before them as they walked in order to attain invisibility. Many sorcerers and Witches also used the plant to induce astral projections.

The devil among them

Since the Puritans saw themselves as God's chosen people, they believed they had been sent to the New World (the European term for North and South America) to wage a battle against the agents of the devil (the Christian term for the source of all evil). Consequently, they considered Native Americans, European settlers of different faiths, and the unpredictable forces of nature to be forms of the devil himself and therefore direct challenges to the will of God. As soldiers in the war between good and evil, the Puritans established a highly structured society with rigid laws and rules based on the Christian holy book, the Bible. They viewed any sinful act as trea- son against the entire community and an invitation to the devil. To avoid transgression (an act in violation of a law), the church tightly controlled every aspect of daily life. They prohibited any activities that opened the doors to sin, such as games, dancing, frequent bathing, physical recreation, and social gatherings...

Thar be demons here

Vction video games are addictive because they appease cravings for the conquest that the male principle of our soul revels in. When we question the nature of that world, we recognize that it contains the potential of the greatest conquest a man could claim. That is the conquest over those things that are just plain wrong. Although you have the mandate of determining your own ethics, thou art god As such, your seemingly personal ethics are a very clear manifestation of the Creator's will. Those things that oppose that will are often called the outsiders. They might better be called demons. Call them demons, outsiders, negative energy, or crimes against humanity these are the things that we simply do not want in our world. Even when the demons seem fairly small, greater demons continue their onslaught based on the toils of the lesser demons. In the grand scope of things, the conquest over your monthly bills may seem like a battle against fairly small demons. But without the ability to...

Ad An Irishamerican Witch

Which they seemed upon, they would roar exceedingly. But the Magistrates being awakened by the Noise of these Grievous and Horrid Occurrences, examin'd the Person who was under the suspicion of having employ'd these Troublesome Demons, and she gave such a Wretched Account of herself that she was committed unto the Gaoler's Custody. Goodwin had no proof that could have done her any hurt but the hag had not power to deny her interest in the enchantment of the children and when she was asked, Whether she believed there was a God her answer was too blasphemous and horrible for any pen of mine to mention. Upon the commitment of this extraordinary woman all the Communion. For which cause the Night after she was heard expostulating with a Devil for his thus deserting her, telling him, that because he had served her so basely and falsely she had confessed all. more were present. She told me who the Four were, and plainly said, That her Prince was the Devil. She entertained me with nothing but...

The Kyteler Case And Its Surroundings Of Sorcery And Heresymichael Scotthe Fourth Earl Of Desmondjames I And The Irish

Are best qualified to give their opinion on the matter have assured the writer that to the best of their belief no entries with respect to trials for sorcery or witchcraft can be found in the various old Rolls preserved in the Dublin Record Office. But when the story is considered with reference to the following facts it takes on a different signification. On the 29th of September 1317 (Wright says 1320), Bishop de Ledrede held his first Synod, at which several canons were passed, one of which seems in some degree introductory to the events detailed in the preceding chapter. In it he speaks of a certain new and pestilential sect in our parts, differing from all the faithful in the world, filled with a devilish spirit, more inhuman than heathens or Jews, who pursue the priests and bishops of the Most High God equally in life and death, by spoiling and rending the patrimony of Christ in the diocese of Ossory, and who utter grievous threats against the bishops and their ministers...

History Of Witchcraft

S'efforce de paruenir k quel que chose. (u A sorcerer is one who by commerce with the Devil has a full intention of attaining his own ends 5) With these words the profoundly erudite jurisconsult Jean Rodin, one of the acutest and most strictly impartial minds of his age, opens his famous De la Demonomanie des Sorciers,1 and it would be, I imagine, hardly possible to discover a more concise, exact, comprehensive, and intelligent definition of a Witch, The whole tremendous subject of Witchcraft, especially as revealed in its multifold and remarkable manifestations throughout every district of Southern and Western Europe from the middle of the thirteenth until the dawn of the eighteenth century has it would seem in recent times seldom, if ever, been candidly and fairly examined, The only sound sources of information are the contemporary records the meticulously detailed legal reports of the actual trials the vast mass of pamphlets which give eye-witnessed accounts of individual witches...

Some Remarks On Witchcraft In Ireland

Another point with reverence to the plan of this work as indicated by the title needs a few words of explanation. It will be seen by the reader that the volume does not deal solely with the question of witchcraft, though that we have endeavoured to bring into prominence as much as possible, but that tales of the supernatural, of the appearance of ghosts, and of the Devil, are also included, especially in chapters IV and VI. If we have erred in inserting these, we have at least erred in the respectable company of Sir Walter Scott, C. K. Sharpe, and other writers of note. We have included them, partly because they afford emissary of Satan and the contrary it was kept up with unabated vigour. Infallibility was transferred from the Church to the Bible the Roman Catholic persecuted the witch because Supreme Pontiffs had stigmatised her as a heretic and an associate of Satan, while the Protestant acted similarly because Holy Writ contained the grim command Thou shalt not suffer a witch to...




They offered in sacrifice to demons living animals, which they dismembered, and then distributed at cross-roads to a certain evil spirit of low rank, named the Son of Art. 3. They sought by their sorcery advice and responses from demons. 5. In order to arouse feelings of love or hatred, or to inflict death or disease on the bodies of the faithful, they made use of powders, unguents, ointments, and candles of fat, which were compounded as follows. They took the entrails of cocks sacrificed to demons, certain horrible worms, various unspecified herbs, dead men's nails, the hair, brains, and shreds of the cerements of boys who were buried unbaptized, with other abominations, all of which they cooked, with various incantations, over a fire of oak-logs in a vessel made out of the skull of a decapitated thief. 7. The said dame had a certain demon, an incubus, named Son of Art, or Robin son of Art, who had carnal knowledge of her, and from whom she admitted that she had received all her...

Precedents Magic And Religion In The Ancient And Medieval Worlds

The figure of the witch, defined not only as someone who performed secretive and harmful sorcery, but also as someone who worked this sorcery through the agency of demons and who, forsaking the true faith, worshiped demons and the devil, only developed toward the end of the Middle Ages, appearing for the first time in the early 15th century. Although such a conception of witchcraft was only possible in a Christian society, still, in the most general terms, the two essential elements of witchcraft as conceived during the period of the witch-hunts that it involved the performance of maleficent sorcery that caused real harm in the world, and that it also entailed serious violations of religious beliefs and practices can be seen in the very earliest conceptions of magic to appear in ancient Western civilizations. Like witchcraft itself, magic is a difficult concept to define precisely, and distinctions between magical and religious rituals are notoriously difficult to draw. Yet almost all...

Chapter A Garden of Dreams

Since the dawn of mankind, herbs have played a significant role in the practice of dream magick, most commonly being used for inducing dreams of a prophetic nature and giving protection to those who sleep and dream. Herbs have been utilized as charms to prevent nightmares and ward off demons that prey upon sleeping mortals, stuffed into dream pillows and brewed into magickal teas and potions to bring restful sleep, and made into magickal incense and burned prior to bedtime.

The Exorcism Against The Possessing Spirit

The wicked God The wicked Demon The Demon of the Desert The Demon of the Mountain The Demon of the Sea The Demon of the Marsh The wicked Genius The Enormous Larvae The wicked Winds The Demon that seizeth the body The Demon that rendeth the body SPIRIT OF THE SKY, REMEMBER SPIRIT OF THE EARTH, REMEMBER The Demon that seizeth man The Demon that seizeth man The GIGIM who worketh Evil The Spawn of the wicked Demon SPIRIT OF THE SKY, REMEMBER SPIRIT OF THE EARTH, REMEMBER NINNKIGAL, Spouse of NINNAZU May she cause him to turn his face toward the Place where she is May the wicked Demons depart May they seize one another May they feed on one another's bones SPIRIT OF THE SKY, REMEMBER SPIRIT OF THE EARTH, REMEMBER

HeibaC Spells to Ward Off EviC Spirits

According to occult belief, performing any of the following simple spells with a strong conviction will work to keep all evil spirits and demons at bay Wear the root of a devil's shoestring around your Another old method used by European Witches and Christians alike to ward off evil spirits called for St. John's wort to be gathered on St. John's Day (June 24th). The herb would then be hung above the doors and windows of houses and barns to prevent evil spirits from gaining entry. When worn or carried in a mojo bag, St. John's wort was believed to guard against the most evil of spirits, as well as all demonic entities.

Secrets Of The Magic Mirror

The experiment will be performed within a dark room. A lit candle must be placed next to the container. It is convenient to smoke the room with frankincense and to conjure the evil entities with the Conjuration of the Four, as noted in the section entitled Cases of Psychic Obsession . The sign of the Pentagram must be placed inside the room on the floor, at the door's entrance, as shown in figure number 1, in order to frighten away the infernal demons.

Confirms girls accusations

The women had helped the devil bully her into these acts. Tituba went so far as to say the women had come to her as specters (spirits or demons) and forced her to try to kill one of the main accusers, Ann Putnam, Jr. (see biography and primary source entries), with a knife. A few days earlier Putnam had spent hours in convulsions, screaming that someone was trying to cut her head off with a knife. Though nobody had been able to see this force, Tituba's words were confirming Putnam's experience. This statement sent the girls into violent fits, and when Tituba was questioned about who was afflicting them she accused Good. Confirming her accusation, the girls fell into even wilder convulsions. Then Tituba claimed to have been struck blind, a common sign of a witch renouncing (rejecting) her calling. Tituba's confession may have saved her own life but it did not prevent the tide of future accusations. After the first interrogation, more and more people throughout the region were being...

Conjuration Of The Four

Iit is necessary to seat the possessed one on a chair and to draw a circle around him on the floor with a piece of charcoal. Also, the Tetragrammaton, which is a sign in front of which all the columns of demons flee terrorized, must be drawn on the floor with charcoal at the threshold of the room (inside the room at its entrance).

Questions to Consider

Familiars Evil spirits or demons, which often take the form of an animal, given by the devil to his followers to attend, serve, and satisfy them. incubus A male companion, an evil spirit or demon, given to witches for their sexual satisfaction. See familiars. millenarianism (millennium, apocalyptics) The belief that after long trials and tribulations, a period of 1,000 years of peace (when the devil will be chained in hell) will be enjoyed by all Christians. Many variations on the theme of the millennium existed during the period between the beginnings of the Christian era and 1700. succubus A female companion, an evil spirit or demon, given by the devil to one of his male followers for sexual pleasure. See familiars.

From More Wonders of the Invisible World

The way whereby these people are believed to arrive at a power to afflict their neighbors is by a compact with the Devil, and that they have a power to commission him to those evils. However, irrational, or As the Scriptures know nothing of a covenanting or commissioning witch, so reason cannot conceive how mortals should by their wickedness arrive at a power to commission angels, fallen angels, against their innocent neighbors. But the Scriptures are full in it, and the instances numerous, that the Almighty Divine Being has this prerogative, to make use of what instruments he pleaseth, in afflicting any, and consequently to commission devils and though this word, commissioning, in the author's former books, might be thought to be inadvertency, yet now, after he hath been cautioned of it, still to persist in it seems highly criminal.

See possession Further reading

The Devil's Bride, Exorcism Past and Present. New York Harper & Row, 1974. Huxley, Aldous. The Devils of Loudun. New York Harper & Martin, Malachi. Hostage to the Devil. New York Harper & fairies A host of supernatural beings and spirits who exist between earth and heaven. Both good and evil, fairies have been associated with witches. During the witch hunts in Europe and the British Isles, accused witches often sought to save their lives by claiming they were taught their witch arts by fairies, which seemed less malevolent than if they had been taught by the DEVIL. For the most part, fairies have remained in a category of their own, though when convenient, the clergy allied them with the Devil. 1. Fairies are the souls of the pagan dead. Being unbap-tized, the shades, or souls, are caught in a netherworld and are not bad enough to descend into hell nor good enough to rise into heaven. 2. Fairies are fallen angels. When God cast Lucifer from heaven, the angels who were...

For Further Study

Entertaining Satan Witchcraft and the Culture of Early New England. New York Oxford University Press, 1982. Hill, Frances. A Delusion of Satan The Full Story of the Salem Witch Trials. New York Doubleday, 1995. Starkey, Marion L. The Devil in Massachusetts A Modern Enquiry into the Salem Witch Trials. New York Doubleday, 1989.

Aftermath of the Salem Trials

After the prisoners awaiting trial on charges of practicing witchcraft were granted amnesty (pardoned) in 1693, the accusers and judges showed hardly any remorse for executing twenty people and causing others to languish in jails. Instead they placed the blame on the trickery of Satan, thus freeing themselves from any sense of guilt. Jurors and townspeople also managed to maintain a clear conscience by claiming that, after all, many victims had confessed to their crimes and that the Salem, Massachusetts, community had been tricked by the devil. Yet families who had lost loved ones and property during the trials were expected to go on with their lives as if nothing had happened. Their attempts to regain social standing and receive financial compensation through formal legal channels took several years.

Judges and accusers show minimal guilt

As early as 1693 Phipps wrote a letter to the British government, quoted by Frances Hill in A Delusion of Satan, claiming that Stoughton Hath from the beginning hurried on these matters with great precipitancy haste and by his warrant hath caused the estates, goods, and chattels movable property of the executed to be seized and disposed of without my knowledge or consent. Plagued by poor harvests and mild disasters since the onset of the trials, Puritan leaders had begun to worry that God might be punishing them. Consequently some officials made earnest attempts to address the issue. The Massachusetts legislature declared January 14, 1697 a Day of Fasting to commemorate the victims of the trials. On this day, twelve trial jurors signed a petition admitting that they had convicted and condemned people to death on the basis of insufficient evidence. The document stated We do therefore hereby signify to all in general (and to the surviving sufferers in especial) ....

The Processchurch Of The Final Judgement

While this group has long been dissolved, it was responsible for generating a good deal of the publicity accruing to the satamsts during its existence. It was also rather different from both the other groups, in that its members lived together as one or more communes, whereas other satanist groups have been more conventional in undertaking only part-time activities. Moreover, it is difficult to decide whether it was a truly satanist organization, given that Satan was only one member of its pantheon. Nevertheless, it caused much alarm in its heyday when it was accused of forced sex and murder. Rumours that it has been revived are still accompanied by expressions of apprehension. In the early 1960s, two members of the Church of Scientology, Robert and Mary Anne de Gnmston Moore, who had been working as therapists left to set up -m business for themselves to develop the techniques used by the Scientologists even further. They called their approach 'Compulsions Analysis' and claimed that...

Town officials step in

Martha never remarried after Richard's death. One by one the daughters married and started their own homes. As Martha's mental health slowly deteriorated, Rachel took over management of the estate with the full permission of her mother. Nevertheless, this arrangement was overlooked by local magistrates (legal officials) who felt a need to take matters into their own hands. In 1666 they decided to hold a court session to discuss what should be done about the widow Haffield's declining mental health and, more precisely, who should be in charge of her money. The officials granted partial power of attorney (right to handle financial and legal affairs) to Thomas White, husband of Rachel's half-sister Ruth, with the agreement that he would use part of the money from the estate to pay for the care of Martha. Initially he was given only the power to collect rents from properties owned by the Haffields. Several months later, however, White was given sole authority over Martha's affairs....

Salem Town and Salem Village

I believe there never was a poor plantation more pursued . . . than our New England. First, the Indian Powwows . . . then seducing spirits . . . after this a continual blast upon some of our principal grains . . . . Herewithal, wasting sickness. . . . Next, so many adversaries of our own language . . . desolating fires also . . . and losses by sea. . . . Besides all which, the devils are come upon us with such wrath as is justly . . . the astonishment of the world. (From John Putnam Demos, Entertaining Satan, p. 313.)

From The Wonders of the Invisible World

The New-Englanders are a people of God settled in those, which were once the Devil's territories and it may easily be supposed that the Devil was exceedingly disturbed, when he perceived such a people here accomplishing the promise of old made unto our blessed Jesus, That He should have the utmost parts of the earth for his possession. There was not a greater uproar among Ephesians, when the Gospel was first brought among them, than there was among the powers of the air (after whom those Ephesians walked) when first the silver trumpets of the Gospel here made the joyful sound. The Devil thus irritated immediately tried all sorts of methods to overturn this poor plantation and so much of the church, as was fled into this wilderness, immediately found the serpent cast out of his mouth a flood for the carrying of it away. I believe that never were more satan-ical devices used for the unsettling of any people under the sun, than what have been employed for the extirpation of the vine...

Proctor bravely faces death

Nearly two decades later the Proctor family did receive payment for the losses they incurred during the trials. In 1710 Salem villager Isaac Easty appealed to the court for compensation for the loss of his wife Mary, who was executed. As stated in A Delusion of Satan, acknowledging that nothing could make up for his sorrow and trouble of heart in being deprived of her in such a manner, he delared that the courts should render justice to him and the families of other victims. Easty's action prompted relatives of executed witches Elizabeth Howe, Sarah Wildes, Mary Bradbury, George Burroughs, Giles and Martha Corey, and Rebecca Nurse to submit similar pleas. The courts granted a sum of 578 pounds (British money) to be split among the families of victims according to their financial status prior to the trials. According to A Delusion of Satan, the Proctors received 150 pounds, a major portion of the final settlement. In contrast, the family of Elizabeth Howe was awarded only 12 pounds....

The Witch Cult In Britain

However, my more serious correspondents want to know the origin of witchcraft. Where, they ask, did it come from What is behind this thing that obsessed the minds of men for centuries Is it an underground cult of devil-worship A dark thread running through history An irruption of the supernatural into normal life Or is it an enormous delusion What is the meaning of it all This is a matter which of late years has exercised the ingenuity of a number of writers. These may be roughly divided into three schools. Firstly, those who take the severely rationalist view that witchcraft was a kind of mass hysteria, arising from psychological causes. Secondly, those who maintain that witchcraft is real, and that it is the worship and service of Satan, in whom its devotees appear to be great believers. This is the attitude taken by that very prolific writer, the late Montague Summers, and his many imitators. Thirdly, that school, headed by anthropologists like Dr. Margaret Murray, which has tried...

The first three Salem witches

On this fateful day, Tituba readily confessed to the crime of witchcraft and proclaimed the guilt of Good and Osborne as well. Perhaps she thought she stood a better chance of being released if she admitted to a relationship with Satan and accused the other women of evil acts. Indeed, the girls went through the typical stages of hysteria, starting with a preliminary phase of anxious self-reflection or worrying about their sins. At this point they realized that they were endangering their own spiritual condition and possibly angering God. This led to the onset phase, which is characterized by fainting, wailing, and broken speech. These symptoms intensified when people became alarmed at the strange behavior of the girls, who then began to have visions of witches. Next was the acute phase, during which the girls experienced intense physical sensations. For instance, they felt like they were burning or being pinched by demons. They also thought they...

Buys future husbands freedom

Although it was common knowledge in Ipswich that Rachel had her mother's permission to handle the family money, there was never any formal written agreement. When the court granted power to White it robbed Rachel of any legal standing and made her look like a criminal for using the funds to free her future husband. In the court trial over the twenty-one pounds the jury decided in favor of White. This decision was reversed just a few months later, so Cross set up an elaborate scheme in hopes of reaping further profit from the case. He urged his former servant to marry Rachel and gain full access to her family's estate. He then told Rachel lies about Clinton's wealth in hopes of speeding up the wedding. According to Entertaining Satan Witchcraft and the Culture of Early New England court records indicate Rachel felt used and cheated Cross told me a thousand lies more to delude me, so as to be married to him Clinton and to cause me to put money into his hands. Further, this deponent...

Comments on the Foregoing Texts

Now be it observed, that every leading point which forms the plot or centre of the Vangel, such as that Diana is Queen of the Witches. an associate of Herodias (Aradia) in her relations to sorcery that she bore a child to her brother the Sun (here Lucifer ) that as a moon-goddess she is in some relation to Cain, who dwells as prisoner in the moon, and that the witches of old were people oppressed by feudal lands, the former revenging themselves in every way, and holding orgies to Diana which the Church represented as being the worship of Satan-all of this, I repeat, had been told or written out for me in fragments by Maddalena (not to speak of other authorities), even as it had been chronicled by Horst or Michelet therefore all this is in the present document of minor importance. All of this I expected, but what I did not expect, and what was new to me, was that portion which is given as prose-poetry and which I have rendered in metre or verse. This being traditional, and taken down...

Calef and the Mathers

Margaret Rule's stay in Cotton Mather's home in 1696, three years after the Salem witch trials ended, attracted considerable attention due to the wild nature of her possession. She frequently entered into violent fits similar to those the afflicted teenage girls had experienced during the Salem trials (convulsions, feeling as though she were being pinched, etc.). The memory of this time was still fresh in the Massachusetts colony so Calef, fearing another witch-hunt, decided to witness Mather's methods himself. What he observed was not a person possessed by evil spirits but rather a young woman who craved the attention of men. She could be soothed in her fits only by the laying on of hands. Only men, however, could calm Rule, who (according to Calef) implored Mather and his father Increase Mather to rub her face and naked belly. According to records cited in The Devil in Massachusetts A Modern Enquiry into the Salem Witch Trials, when a woman Fearing that this young woman could cause...

The Presentation Of Sources And The Commentaries

The translated source follows at once, without further introductory material, for the sake of immediacy. Care has been taken in the case of the documentary sources to base the translation on the best available published editions, since the difficulties of decipherment and interpretation can lead to significant variations between them. The editions used for the literary sources are usually listed in alphabetical order of ancient author or of corpus in the list of texts in the bibliography occasionally, for some more obscure sources, direct reference is made in the heading (using the format of author and date) to items of scholarship listed in the works cited section of the bibliography. The translations printed here are all my own, but I do not disguise the fact that some previously published translations, particularly those offered by the editors of the more difficult and obscure documentary sources, have been of influence. I do not confront the reader with the niceties of textual...

Reverend Green starts healing process

When Samuel Parris was forced to resign as the minister of Salem Village church and leave town in 1697 (see biography entry and box on p. 71), he was replaced by Joseph Green. More sophisticated and accepting than his predecessor, Green immediately tried to heal the community. He preached forgiveness in his sermons and even changed the seating arrangement in the church, forcing former enemies to acknowledge one another. He also brought justice to victims who had been ignored by the courts. In 1703 Green formally reversed Martha Corey's excommunication (forced removal) from the church (see Chapter 4), thereby restoring her reputation and assuring the relatives of other executed people that their loved ones would not be damned to hell (according to the Christian concept of eternal punishment for sins after death). In 1712 he revoked the excommunications of Rebecca Nurse and Giles Corey (see Chapter 4). Although Green's efforts helped the community eventually recover from the devastation...

The exposition of Iidoni and where it is found whereby the whole art of conjuration is deciphered

THIS word Iidoni is derived of Iada, which properlie signifieth to knowe it is sometimes translated, Divinus, which is a divinor or soothsaier, as in Deut. 18. Levit. 20 sometimes Ariolus, which is one that also taketh upon him to foretell things to come, and is found Levit. 19, 2 Kings. 23. Esai. 19. To be short, the opinion of them that are most skilfull in the toongs, is, that it comprehendeth all them, which take upon them to knowe all things past and to come, and to give answers accordinglie. It alwaies followeth the word Ob, and in the scriptures is not named severallie from it, and differeth little from the same in sense, and doo both concerne oracles uttered by spirits, possessed peoplle, or couseners. What will not couseners or witches take upon them to doo Wherein will they professe ignorance Aske them anie question, they will undertake to resolve you, even of that which none but God knoweth. And to bring their purposes the better to passe, as also to winne further credit...

Then being appeared saie these words following

Also I conjure thee spirit N. by the O and by all the characters in the firmament, that thou doo shew unto me a true vision in this christall stone, where such N. and in what state he is, and how long he hath beene there, and what time he will be in such a place, what daie and houre and this and all other things to declare plainelie, in paine of hell fier Fiat, Amen.

A licence for the spirit to depart

In throno, that thou depart from this place, without hurt or damage of anie bodie, or of anie deed to be doone that all creatures may knowe, that our Lord is of all power, most mightiest, and that there is none other God but he, which is three, and one, living for ever and ever. And the malediction of God the father omnipotent, the sonne and the holie ghost, descend upon thee, and dwell alwales with thee, except thou doo depart without damage of us, or of any creature, or anie other evill deed to be doone & thou to go to the place predestinated. And by our Lord Jesus Christ I doo else send thee to the great pit of hell, except (I saie) that thou depart to the place, whereas thy Lord God hath appointed thee. And see thou be readie to me and to my call, at all times and places, at mine owne will and pleasure, daie or night, without damage or hurt of me, or of anie creature upon palne of everlasting damnation Fiat, fiat, fiat Amen, Amen. f The peace of Jesus Christ bee betweene us and...

The Myth Of The Goddess

This myth upon which its members base their actions is the central idea of the cult. Perhaps it was coined to explain ideas and rituals already conceived, and to explain why the wiser, older and more powerful god should give his power over magic to the goddess. It is very easy to say this is only the story of Istar descending into hell, but the point of the story is different. Again you can say it is simply Siva, the god of Death and Resurrection but here again the story is different. It is quite possible that the stories of Istar and Siva have influenced the myth, but I think that its origin is most likely Celtic. In Celtic legends the Lords of the Underworld did prepare you for rebirth, and many living people are said to have entered their regions, formed alliances with them and returned safely, but it needed great courage only a hero or a demigod dared to risk it. Celtic mysteries assuredly contained rituals of death and resurrection, and possibly visits to the underworld with a...

In the Beginning A Sense of Wonder

On his calling the attention of scholars to this fact - but was it fact, and not merely coincidence that the Sanskrit and Greek words for five, mother, father, brother, fire, God, etc. so strikingly resembled each other - study of ancient texts and the careful comparison of seemingly identical words began throughout Europe. Within thirty years of Jones's literally world-shaking discovery, English, Danish, German, French and Italian scholars had not only proved the common descent of Europe's principal languages, but had demonstrated beyond argument both the existence and much of the nature of the once hypothetical parent-tongue. Artemis was the Bear-Goddess, Apollo (her divinely born twin), the Mouse-God Demeter - the Corn-Goddess in later times - was originally, as her name shews, the Pig-Goddess her function, changing from a protector of pigs' natural increase to a protector of crops, demonstrating clearly the change of the community from a predominantly pastoral to a predominantly...

What happened next

By September 1693 many intellectuals and ministers started to question the use of spectral evidence in the witch trials. The belief that accused witches were possessed by the devil, rather than acting freely as a follower of the devil, started to take hold. Once people started to feel that the accused were really victims, the basis for the trials started to crumble. Mather, who had originally been against the use of spectral evidence but had pushed for the prosecution of some of the accused solely on that charge, worked to distance himself from the shame of the outcome of more than a year of trials and executions.

Modern Halloween Traditions

The Jack-O'-Lantern The carved pumpkin may have originated with the witches' use of a skull with a candle inside to light the way to coven meetings. However, the legend of Irish Jack is also told A stingy drunk named Jack tricked the devil into climbing an apple tree for an apple, but then cut the sign of a cross into the trunk of the tree preventing the devil from coming down. Jack forced the devil to swear he would never come after Jack's soul. The devil reluctantly agreed. When Jack eventually died he was turned away from the gates of heaven because of his life of drunkenness and selfishness. He next went to the devil who also rejected him, keeping his promise. As Jack was leaving hell (and happening to be eating a turnip) the devil threw a live coal at him. Condemned to wander the earth, Jack put the coal inside the turnip, making a jack o'lantern. Eventually, pumpkins replaced the turnip.

Historical Beliefs about Covens

References in literature to covens of witches date back to the 12th century. In Polycraticus, John of Salisbury describes organized groups of witches carrying on at wild sABBATs but adds the caveat that they are merely deceptions created by the DEVIL and are not to be believed. A story popular in the late Middle Ages concerns an episode in the life of St. Germain, the bishop of Auxerre (390-448), in which he encounters villagers preparing a dinner for the good women who walked about

Witchcraft In Britain

They (the witches) are sincere in a satanic belief that theirs is the ancient religion of Britain they claim it is older than, and superior to, Christianity. The only word I would disagree with is the word satanic . Whether or not my religion is superior to Christianity is a matter of opinion, but that it is much older is a matter of fact, as eminent anthropologists will tell you. So why do people persist in accusing me of worshipping the Devil The idea of the Devil is something belonging to Christianity the scapegoat which men have invented to excuse their own follies and crimes. I don't believe in the Devil, so how could I worship him

Winter in the Parris home

During the winter of 1691-92 the Parris household became the center of witchcraft accusations. Living in the home were Parris's nine-year-old daughter Elizabeth (called Betty), his eleven-year-old niece Abigail Williams, and two other children. Betty was a quiet, obedient child known for her deep fear of the devil, which no doubt came from hearing her father's fiery sermons. Abigail, on the other hand, was a bolder, more impulsive girl who felt protected by her connection to God through her uncle. Also living in the house were the Parrises' two slaves Tituba (see biography entry), an older Caribbean woman (half African, half Carrib Indian), and her husband, John Indian, a Car-rib Indian. Tituba took care of the girls and did most of the indoor chores, while John Indian helped Samuel Parris with outdoor tasks. Tituba, Betty, and Abigail spent most of the time cooped up Do you dare to run up and down on the Lord's day Or do you keep in to read your book They which lie must go to their...

Darrell also Darrel Reverend John th century

The Puritan minister John Darrell, caught in religious infighting between moderate Catholics, English Anglicans and Puritans, was convicted of fraud in May 1599, as a result of exorcising the DEVIL from the demoniac William Sommers of Nottingham (see EXORCISM). Dar-rell was called to exorcise nine other people before Sommers Katherine Wright in 1586, Thomas Darling in 1596, and seven possessed children in Lancashire in 1597. He was unsuccessful in exorcising Wright, and although a witch was accused of causing the possession, the Justice in charge refused to commit her and warned Darrell to desist from exorcisms or face imprisonment. In the case of Thomas Darling, Darrell advised

From The deposition of Thomas Knowlton

The deposition of Thomas Knowlton, aged 40 years, sayeth that about three weeks ago when Mr. John Rogers and his wife were gone to Boston . Rachel, the wife of Lawrence Clinton, that is now suspected to be a witch, went to Mr. Rogers' house, and told Mr. Rogers' maid that she might have some meat and some milk. And the maid said Rachel went into several rooms of the said house And when she saw me come in, she, the said Rachel, went away, scolding and railing, calling me hellhound and whoremasterly rogue, and said I was limb of the devil. And she said she had rather see the devil than see me . . . (Samuel Ayers and Thomas Smith, tailor, can testify to the same language that Rachel used or called the said Knowlton.) And after this the said Rachel took up a stone and threw it toward me, and it fell short three or four yards off from me and so came rolling to me, and just touched the toe of my shoe. And presently my was in a rage, as if the nail were held up by a pair of pincers. . . ....

From Remarkable Providences

Very remarkable was that Providence wherein Ann Cole of Hartford in New England was concerned. She was, and is accounted, a person of real piety and integrity nevertheless, in the year 1662, then living in her fathers house (who has likewise been esteemed a godly man), she was taken with very strange fits, wherein her tongue was improved by a daemon to express things which she herself knew nothing of . . . she likewise declared, that the devil first appeared to her in the form of a deer or fawn, skipping about her, wherewith she was not much affrighted, and that by degrees he became very familiar, and at last would talk with her moreover, she said that the devil had frequently the carnal knowledge of her body and that the witches had meetings at a place not far from her house and that some appeared in one shape, and others in another and one came flying amongst them in the shape of a crow. Upon this confession, with the other concurrent evidence, the woman was executed so likewise was...

Known for flashy outfits

It was thought that the devil would give to witches dolls or puppets to carry out evil deeds on different people. Reproduced by permission of Pennsylvania State University. It was thought that the devil would give to witches dolls or puppets to carry out evil deeds on different people. Reproduced by permission of Pennsylvania State University.

Aftermath of the trials

Not only had Parris inherited an explosive position as the village minister, he had also encouraged the witch hysteria. When the trials were finally over, twenty people had been executed and many others had lost their property and reputations. Faced with a divided and bitter town, Parris was slow to address the central role he had played in the affair. Instead he chose to hide behind the excuse that the devil had been at work during that turbulent (unrestful) period. His behavior only intensified the deep hatred and tension in the village. Many people felt that as a leader he should not have allowed the trials to take place. The Nurse family was especially resentful of him, as he had done nothing to defend an innocent and beloved old woman. Two years later, in 1694, Parris finally offered an apology in a sermon, Meditations For Peace, but it was not a heartfelt admission of error. He blamed the devil for being able to enter possibly innocent people and make them appear to carry out...

The Divining Familiar

The essence of this familiar is that it did not belong to the witch but was an animal which appeared accidentally after the performance of certain magical ceremonies. Forbes puts this quite clearly when describing the contract 'The Devil on his Part articles with such Proselytes, concerning the Shape he is to appear to them in, the Services they are to expect from him, upon the Performance of certain Charms or ceremonious Rites.' 1 From this statement and from the facts revealed in the trials it would seem that the Devil appointed to the witch, on her admission, some kind of animal or animals by which she should divine, and which therefore represented himself for the time being, for he claimed the power, as God, to know and reveal the future. This explanation accounts for the fact that the witches always spoke of such animals as the Devil and believed that they could foretell the future by his means. The actual method of divination is not preserved all that remains of the ceremony are...

The Proctors are accused

Ren for accusing innocent people of being witches. Elizabeth Proctor had been even more critical of the trials than her husband, but he had consistently supported her. On April 4, 1693, villagers Jonathan Walcott and Nathaniel Ingersoll entered official complaints against Elizabeth and Sarah Cloyce, Rebecca Nurse's sisters. The women were officially arrested on April 8 and interrogated (questioned) three days later. During a pre-trial examination the young accusers were unable or unwilling to answer questions about Elizabeth's involvement in witchcraft. Finally John Indian, a slave in the Parris household and husband of confessed witch Tituba (see biography and primary source entries), claimed that Elizabeth's specter (spirit) had tried to choke him. The girls sat silently until they were forced to speak. This time they put on a memorable show by going into such severe fits that trial judge Samuel Sewall (see biography entry) noted the event in his diary entry for April 11. As the...

Proctor appeals for help

On April 11, 1693, the Proctors were taken to jail to await trial. Prior to their arrest a sheriff came to their home and, as stated in The Devil in Massachusetts, seized all the goods, provision and cattle that he could come at, and sold some of the cattle at half price and killed others and put them up for sale in the West Indies threw out the beer out of the barrel and carried away the barrel, emptied a pot of broth and took away the pot and left nothing for the support of the A possible reason that Salem villagers turned against the Proctors was John Proctor's treatment of their maidservant Mary Warren, one of the original accusers in the trials. He had beaten her and publicly chastised (scolded) her for targeting innocent people as witches. Although Warren initially hurled accusations with the same zeal and fervor as the other young girls, she eventually calmed down and went so far as to admit she had lied. Indeed, according to The Devil in Massachusetts, after one of her fits...

Presides at Salem trials

Under the new charter, church membership could no longer be a requirement for voting, although Congregationalism (a branch of Puritanism organized according to independent church congregations) remained the official church. Sewall was named a councilor (advisor) in the new royal government, a position he held until 1725, when he decided not to seek reelection. Historians note that the loss of the original charter led to widespread anxiety in Massachusetts, resulting in witchcraft hysteria. Puritan officials believed the colony was under an evil spell cast by witches (people, usually women, with supernatural powers) who had signed a compact (agreement) with the devil (the ultimate evil force). Witches were supposedly seeking revenge on particular members of the community. According to the Puritans, the compact empowered a witch to perform such acts as causing the death of a child, making crops fail, preventing cream from being churned into butter, or...

The last days of the Salem hysteria

Tioned whether these men had sent innocent people to the gallows. Instead the focus was on the use of spectral evidence and the girls' courtroom antics, rather than on the credibility of the judges involved in the previous trials. The girls immediately encountered a different reception when they were called to Gloucester in November for the trial of a young woman who was supposedly possessed by the devil. In their usual fashion the girls declared that the young woman had been bewitched by three other Gloucester women. Yet village officials took no steps to imprison or try the women. On the journey home from Gloucester the girls met with even greater indifference. While crossing a crowded bridge they passed an old woman and proceeded to go into fits. They screamed that the woman was a witch, but to their surprise not a single person reacted to their hysterics they were treated as if they were invisible. People walked around them and went about their business, causing the girls to...

Must fulfill family expectations

Cotton Mather approved of the witchcraft trials held at Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692-1693, during which twenty people were executed. He published Wonders of the Invisible World (1693), defending the trials as being necessary in order to rid the colony of the influence of the devil. An excerpt from the The Trial of Martha Carrier, a chapter in Mather's book, describes a typical case that came before the Salem court II. Before the trial of this prisoner, several of her own children had frankly and fully confessed not only that they were witches themselves, but that their mother had made them so. This confession they made with great shows of repentance, and with much demonstration of truth. They related place, time, occasion they gave an account of journeys, meetings and mischiefs by them performed, and were very credible in what they said. Nevertheless, this evidence was not produced against the prisoner at the bar in court , inasmuch as there was other evidence enough to proceed upon....

No way out for many victims

Susannah Martin stood up for herself at her trial, and tried to tell the judges that they were being tricked by the devil. Reproduced by permission of the Corbis Corporation (Bellevue). Susannah Martin stood up for herself at her trial, and tried to tell the judges that they were being tricked by the devil. Reproduced by permission of the Corbis Corporation (Bellevue). Susannah Martin was the next to take the stand in her own defense. With wit and mockery she rebuked (strongly criticized) the court and jury for admitting spectral evidence as fact (see The Salem Trials Interrogation of Susannah Martin in the Primary Sources section). She also asserted the innocence of the other accused women appearing in court with her. Martin then gave a compelling speech in which she tried to convince the judges that they were being tricked by the devil. The court ignored her entirely and condemned her to hang on the basis of a confession she had made as early as 1669.

Garden to Weave a Web of Love

To create a garden of love enchantment, plant any combination of the following herbs traditionally associated with love-attraction on a Friday when the moon is new, waxing, or full. (Friday is the day of the week ruled by the goddess Venus, and the appropriate time for any magickal undertakings involving love.) Herbs of love Adam and Eve, apple, basil, cardamom, catnip, cherry, coltsfoot, coriander, daffodil, daisy, damiana, devil's bit, gardenia, gentian, geranium, hibiscus, High John the Conqueror, hyacinth, jasmine, juniper, lady's mantle, lavender, lemon verbena, linden, lovage, love seed, maidenhair fern, mandrake, meadowsweet, moonwort, myrtle, oleander, orchid, pansy, peach, peppermint, plumeria, poppy, raspberry, rose, rosemary, rue, skullcap, spearmint, strawberry, thyme, tomato, trillium, tulip, valerian, vanilla, Venus flytrap, vervain, vetivert, violet, willow, witch grass, wormwood, yarrow.

Lecture Twenty Three The Witches of Essex and Salem

Scope Lecture Twenty-Three focuses on the social history of witchcraft, attempting to answer a number of questions. Who were the people accused of witchcraft To which social classes did they belong Who were the accusers To which social classes did they belong The lecture seeks to draw a social profile of those who were brought to trial on charges of witchcraft and Satanism through the close exploration of two case studies. These case studies present a vivid picture of witchcraft trials in Essex (England) in the mid-seventeenth century and in Salem, Massachusetts, in the late seventeenth century. The lecture compares the social backgrounds, ages, and genders of those brought to trial in Essex with the famous American case study, that of the Salem witch trials in late seventeenth-century North America.

Lakeside evocators instruct Odysseus in the F Chorus of Evocators We the race evocation of soulsthat around the lake do

Aeschylus's fragmentary tragedy, retelling Homer's account of Odysseus's consultation of the ghost of Tiresias (144), constitutes the earliest extant reference to evocators. The consultation happens beside and through the medium of a lake that is connected to the waters of the underworld and so provides passage for the ghosts. Many take the lake to be Avernus, near Cumae, in Italian Campania, a lake famous for necromancy and one that certainly in later times was identified as the site of Odysseus's consultation (see 153 and, for evocators there, 154), but there is no compelling reason why the site should not be identical with the one used in the Odyssey, namely, the Acherusian lake on the Acheron in Thesprotia (see 150). Here the evocators attached to the lake instruct Odysseus in the evocation of ghosts, taking over the role of Homer's Circe. The ghosts are to be summoned with a drink of revivifying blood poured directly into the lake. The sacrificial animal we may assume to have...

Hymn To Osiris Unnefer

Thou art An of millions of years. Thy body is all pervading, O Beautiful Face in Ta-tchesert. Grant thou to me glory in heaven, and power upon earth, and truth-speaking in the Divine Underworld, and the power to sail down the river to Tetu in the form of a living Ba-soul, and the power to sail up the river to Abydos in the form of a Benu bird, and the power to pass in through and to pass out from, without obstruction, the doors of the lords of the Tuat. Let there be given unto me bread-cakes in the House of Refreshing, and sepulchral offerings of cakes and ale, and propitiatory offerings in Anu, and a permanent homestead in Sekhet-Aaru, with wheat and barley therein- to the Double of the Osiris, the scribe Ani.

And Aratagar Shall Be No More And The Earth Shall Abide

And the Frontlet of Calling, and the Standards of Calling, shall all be of fine cloth, and in the colours of NINIB and INANNA, that is, of Black and White, for NINIB knows the Outer Regions and the ways of the Ancient Ones, and INANNA subdued the Underworld and vanquished the Queen thereof

Chaldaeans And Syrians

In THE PHILOPSEUDES (excerpted ALSO at 51, 54, 115, 244, 275) Lucian presents a series of supposedly incredible tales on the themes of ghosts and magic, ostensibly to be scoffed at, but their entertaining nature suggests a more complex attitude on the author's part. Lucian gives us another Chaldaean Babylonian, this time an expert in necromancy, in the figure of the Mithrobarzanes who escorts his Menippus down into the underworld (148). Theocritus had perhaps had a Chaldaean in mind when he referred to the Assyrian who had taught Simaetha the power of evil herbs (89) for Chaldaeans as Assyrian see 44. See further 2, 42, 44, 286, 291-2, 294, including some of the copious evidence for the repeated expulsions of Chaldaeans from Rome.

How Diana Made the Stars and the Rain

Diana was the first created before all creation in her were all things out of herself, the first darkness, she divided herself into darkness and light she was divided. Lucifer, her brother and son, herself and her other half, was the light. And when Diana saw that the light was so beautiful, the light which was her other half, her brother Lucifer, she yearned for it with exceeding great desire. Wishing to receive the light again into her darkness, to swallow it up in rapture, in delight, she trembled with desire. This desire was the Dawn. But Lucifer, the light, fled from her, and would not yield to her wishes he was the light which files into the most distant parts of heaven, the mouse which files before the cat. Then Diana went to the fathers of the Beginning, to the mothers, the spirits who were before the first spirit, and lamented unto them that she could not prevail with Lucifer. And they praised her for her courage, they told her that to rise she must fall to become the chief...

The Horned

The God of the old religion becomes the Devil of the new. A godling, who is found in all parts of Babylonia and at all periods of her history, is a two-horned male figure, known as Enkidu. He is represented as fighting with animals, or holding a staff, but his special duty is to guard the door. He has a man's head with two horns, his body is human, and from the waist down he is a bull. Sometimes the legs appear to be human, but the hoofs are always clearly indicated, and the tail also is a marked feature. In short, he answers to the usual description of the Christian devil in having horns, hoofs and a tail. But in the eyes of the early Babylonians he was far from being a devil, and his image-sometimes the whole figure, sometimes the head only-was worn as a charm against all evil and ill-luck. He was credited with great prophylactic powers so much so that such charms were in use throughout Babylonia. The evidence shows that the great seven-horned gods of the temples, who gave their...

Simaetha And Her Tradition

One of the most famous and distinctive descriptions of magical practice in ancient literature is the monologue composed as an Idyll by the Hellenistic poet Theocritus for Simaetha as she performs erotic magic to recover her supposedly errant lover Delphis. It is reproduced here together with a text from which it may be derived (88) and a text derived from it (90). The bay leaf is apotropaic (see 88), as is wool and the color crimson, as well as the sounding of the bronze, which deters the ghosts and demons that fear bronze and iron, at the goddess's approach compare 144. The presence of the bowl may indicate that lecanomancy is involved see 163-4.

Council Of Basel Witchcraft

A famous witch in Russian folklore, Baba Yaga was pictured as an old woman who lured people to her home where she cooked and devoured them. She especially liked to practice such cannibalism on young children. Much more a demonic monster than a human figure, she lived in a hut beyond a river of fire. The hut was surrounded by stakes set with human heads and was built on chicken legs, so that it could move at her command. She often flew through the air in an iron cauldron. She is clearly related to other night-flying, BACON, ROGER (ca. 1213-1291). An English Franciscan philosopher and scholar, Bacon was one of the most important natural scientists of the Middle Ages. In particular, he studied alchemy, astrology, mathematics, and optics. He developed a popular reputation as a sorcerer because of his unconventional scientific experiments and his pursuit of occult learning. There is no evidence, however, that Bacon was ever significantly interested in matters of demonic sorcery...

A comic representation of Socrates as an evocator Chorus of Birds Beside the Shadow

438 B.C. (Euripides) i ii A.D. (Plutarch) Hellenistic-Byzantine (Scholium) IN EURIPIDES' PROSATYRIC ALCESTIS, HERACLES, who had dragged up Cerberus from the underworld, has repaid his host Admetus's hospitality by restoring his recently dead wife, Alcestis, to life. He had wrestled Thanatos, Death, for her as he came to collect her from her tomb. Heracles presents her to Adme- tus again in this scene. If Heracles had brought back merely the ghost, as Ad-metus fears, as opposed to the living body of the woman, he would have done the job of an evocator. For the recovery of a wife from the underworld, see 20, with commentary. Beside the altar of Athene Chalkioikos stand two statues of the Pausanias that led the Greeks at Plataea. I will not relate his adventures to people already familiar with them. The accounts of earlier writers are sufficiently accurate. It will be enough for me to add a gloss to what they say. I heard from a man of Byzantium that Pausanias was discovered in his...

Christmas Pagan Holiday

Christmas Pagan

Lord Krishna was born in a cave when his foster father came to the city to pay taxes. He was saluted by a chorus of angels, a great light shone in the heavens, and he was adored by wise men and shepherds. His mother Devaki addressed her new born child O God of gods, Who art all things, Who hast assumed the condition of an infant, have compassion on us. His parents were visited by a prophet who proclaimed the child's Divine descent, and he was saved from the cruelty of his wide (the Hindu Herod) who had ordered the slaughter of all infants in the hope of killing the Lord Krishna. While growing up he astonished his teachers, performed miracles, was tempted by the devil, and washed the feet of highborn Brahmins Since his birthday is celebrated on December 25 th it could be called Krishnamas

To Compel A Thief To Return Stolen Goods

Albertus Magnus God And Science

Albertus Magnus was born in 1205 at Larvingen, on the Danube. It is believed that his real name was de Groot, Magnus being its Latinized version. At least twenty-one books or folios are credited to him. He became the Bishop of Ratisbon, resigning after a short time to devote himself to his researches in science, alchemy and the mystic arts. He supposedly discovered the Philosopher's Stone, and gave the secret to his pupil St. Thomas Aquinas, just before his death. The latter believing it to be the work of the devil destroyed it.

Englands Old Religions

Wicca is commonly called the 'old religion' by its practitioners, a designation that is intended to claim historical ancestry to validate some of its practices. However, this chapter argues that this term does more than retrace or reread a past (religare) and claim to maintain rituals of an ancient Wiccan ancestry (its traditio). 'Old' and 'new' religion are value-laden terms that have links with a political history dating from the time of the Tudor reformations in England, for the term had earlier served both the Church of England and the Catholic traditions of Christianity in the period between the reformations and the nineteenth century. In continental Europe, the various forms of Protestantism that arose in the course of the sixteenth century were seen to offer new experiences of Christianity. Characterised as throwing off the shackles of popery, magic, superstition and monasticism, the reformed Protestant traditions relegated the tropes of Roman Catholicism to the 'dark ages' of...

History Of The Illuminati

The majority of books on this subject have erroneously conceded the beginning of the Illuminati as 1776. Unless one sees that the very roots, purposes, plans, and philosophies of this demonic organization had its seed planted ages ago in order to blossom full-grown in our day one will not truly see its connection to what the Spirit of God is teaching His Elect in this hour of the latter days. Indeed, the Bible also reveals to us that the serpent is in reality the devil himself (Revelation 12 9 20 2) and not just used by the devil, as church tradition would have us believe. (An interesting note is that from the Hebrew NACHASH comes the Arabic word CHANAS, to seduce. From this is derived the Arabic words AKHNAS, KHANASA, AND KHANOOS, all of which mean Ape. Further derived is the Arabic word KHANAS, devil. Arabic is a language very similar to Hebrew. Mere coincidence ) 1 John 3 12 says that Cain was of that wicked one or the progeny (offspring ) of Satan. The Hebrew word for Cain is...

Frequently asked questions

Do witches invoke the devil No The devil plays no part of the craft. The devil is part of the Christian teachings. To worship the devil we would have to follow the Christian teachings. As I said earlier in this book wicca is a positive and motivating religion Do witches call up nasty demons, spirits or ghosts No It is not like the moves or the TV show Charmed . We don't have to banish a demand every week either

There have been Witches in all Ages

There was also a class of diviners called Druidesses and mentioned by Caesar in his De Bella Gallica, who were looked on as even more ancient than the Druids they were shape-changers and seem to have had all the characteristics of witches. They made rain by sprinkling water over or beside nude virgins. Christians accused them of 'baptising' children into heathenism. Their association could only be entered by initiation, and learning and practising their secret lore. Their magic power was much feared by early Christians, who ascribed it to the Devil.

Shamanism In The Caucasus Medea

Female sorcerers, or witches, are far more prominent than their male counterparts in mainstream classical literature, which is not to say that women were more inclined than men to turn to sorcery in reality. Two related, all-round witch figures above all flourished in Greek myth and Greek and Latin literature, Medea and Circe. Both of them are very ancient figures and were developed in the early epics. No early epic account of Medea survives, although there is perhaps a very dim reflection of such an account in the Hellenistic Argonautica of Apollonius of Rhodes. Circe, however, features prominently in the Odyssey. DIODORUS'S ACCOUNT DRAWS ON THAT OF the rationalizing and euhemerist early Hellenistic mythographer Dionysius Scytobrachion, a contemporary of Apollonius of Rhodes. It draws together many of the ideas that had been attached to Circe and Medea in the course of the developing tradition, and so is a useful place to start in laying out the tales associated with them. The...

Hermotimus of Clazomenae Soulprojection The following sort of thing is reported of

This IS the GRANDEST OF all the underworld underground-chamber stories attaching to the shamans. Perhaps the works attributed to Epimenides on the underworld judges Minos and Rhadamanthys were supposed to convey the mysteries he had learned in that place. His long sleep and extended life can be compared with the lengthy disappearance of Aristeas before his rematerializa-tion (7). His un-Cretan long hair was also a Pythagorean trait. The alternative tale, in accordance with which Epimenides withdrew from society to study root-cutting, associates him with a more conventional variety of sorcery (see 67). ployed is very similar to that said to have been used by evocators to track down the corpses of restless ghosts for propitiation (30). Epimenides' solution seems therefore to have been one of ghost-laying, an entirely appropriate approach for the shamans with their interests in soul-manipulation. The altars may have been dedicated to the Semnai goddesses, who were also supposedly honored...

Persian mages Pythagoras Numa and lecanomancy Even Numa himself to whom no

(Augustine) i B.C of gods in water, or rather the deceptions of demons, by whom he was told what (Varro) sacred rites and observances he should establish. Varro again says that this variety called necromancy nekuomanteia in Greek. Whether it is called hydromancy or necromancy, it is the technique in which the dead appear to give prophecies. They themselves can look to the crafts by which these things are achieved. For I do not wish to assert that these crafts used to be prohibited by law in the actual cities of the various peoples and punished by the severest of laws even before the arrival of our Savior. I repeat, I do not wish to say this, for such things may well have been allowed then. But at any rate it was by these crafts that Numa Pompilius learned those sacred rites, the details of which he published, while concealing their significance, so much did he himself fear what he had learned. When books explaining their significance were brought to light, the senate burned them. So...

Fertility Signals In Witchcraft

Wiccan Immortality Symbol

Ishtar The great mother GoDDEss of ancient Assyrian and Babylonian mythology. Ishtar was said to be either the daughter of the sky god, Anu, or the MooN god, Sin. Over the course of time, Ishtar absorbed the characteristics of other goddesses and so represents different aspects. Worship of her spread throughout the Middle East, Greece and Egypt. She was an oracle. She ruled over fertility, sex and war and protected man against evil. As the many-breasted Opener of the Womb, she was the giver of all life as the Destroyer and Queen of the Underworld, she also was the taker of all life. As goddess of the moon, her waxing and waning ruled the cyclical birth and death of the planet. She was the Heavenly Cow, the Green One, the Mistress of the Field. When Osiris' treacherous brother, Set (Seth), murdered and dismembered him, Isis scoured the land to find the body parts and used her MAGIC to put them together and breathe life into the body so that she and Osiris could be together one last...

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