Witchcraft And Magic In Europe

Series Editors Bengt Ankarloo Stuart Clark The roots of European witchcraft and magic lie in Hebrew and other ancient Near Eastern cultures and in the Celtic, Nordic, and Germanic traditions of the continent. For two millennia, European folklore and ritual have been imbued with the belief in the supernatural, yielding a rich trove of histories and images. Witchcraft and Magic in Europe combines traditional approaches of political, legal, and social historians with a critical synthesis of...

Introduction

During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, prosecutions and executions for the crime of witchcraft declined in number and eventually came to an end. The decline occurred in all European countnes where witch-hunts had taken place, from Scotland to Transylvania and from Portugal to Finland. The same process took place m those colonial possessions of Spam, Portugal, England and France where ecclesiastical or temporal authorities had brought witches to tnal. The decline was marked by an...