Recommended Reading

Wheels of Life: A User's Guide to the Chakra

System by Anodea Judith

The Book of Chakras by Ambika Wauters

Using Your Chakras by Ruth White

Blessedways Textbook, Version 1.0

The Chakra System | 53

The Hills Are Alive: Intro to Gaia Theory

The most unforgettable image of the twentieth century is the view of Earth from space. Before that, we knew intellectually that the planet was round and had an idea of what She would look like from a distance, but seeing that picture— the lonely little blue ball in the vast sea of space— inspired many people to think about the world differently.

One of these people was James Lovelock, a scientist working on the first mission to Mars. He was part of a team designing instruments to detect life on the red planet, but the major question of the day was, how do we detect life? How is life on a planet measured?

Lovelock made himself unpopular by saying in no uncertain terms that there is no life on Mars to be detected, and therefore testing for life would be pointless. He stated that there may have been life on Mars once, but there wasn't now.

His reasoning had to do with atmospheric gases. Life depends on a fluid medium to carry nutrients and waste, and since Mars has no water, that medium would have to be the atmosphere. A biosphere is a chemical factory, a food web powered ultimately by a nearby star; organisms make gases that other organisms consume, and so forth. (On Earth for example organisms produce and use oxygen and methane, which in turn combine to form water and carbon dioxide.) These gases in the atmosphere constantly rise and fall in volume, so the atmosphere of a planet with life on it can never be at total equilibrium. The atmosphere of Mars is chemically stable; therefore, it indicates the planet has no life.

This realization got Lovelock to thinking: how has life on Earth survived all this time? Why are we still here and Mars is dead, though there's evidence it hasn't always been?

Lovelock decided that the sum total of life on a homeostatic (habitable) planet keeps the chemistry and climate liveable from eon to eon. The traditional scientific view was just the opposite— the environment causes organisms to adapt, causing natural selection. Lovelock's hypothesis by Dianne Sylvan was that life is much more important to the welfare of the planet than originally thought, suggesting co-evolution: life alters the environment and then has to adapt to its own changes.

For instance, our sun is the type of star that gets hotter and hotter until it burns up all its fuel and dies. At the origin of life on Earth, the sun was 25% cooler than it is right now ,and the average global temperature was low enough to freeze all the oceans and keep them frozen. They weren't frozen, according to fossil evidence. The theory is that, through time, the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere shifted to trap more solar heat and keep the oceans liquid. What caused the shift? Soil bacteria, plants, animals—life.

The Chakra Checklist

The Chakra Checklist

The chakras are described as being aligned in an ascending column from the base of the back to the top of the head. New Age practices frequently associate each chakra with a particular color.

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