Significance of Hyphen and Caret Symbols

Turning again to page 733 column two, find the samasa listed under Buddha beginning with -kapalini and -kalpa: the hyphen not only indicates that the word is appended to Buddha (see section 12.3), but that kapalinl and kalpa are words that may be separately looked up in the dictionary, and this is why the next samasa, -kaya-varna-parinispatty-abhinirhara is itself hyphenated (each element, kaya and varna for example, may usually be separately found in the dictionary).

Where the samasa is printed in full, as in Buddhagama, which stands for Buddha-again a, this use of the caret symbol allows the second word of the samasa to be correctly determined as beginning with a dirgha a, so that again a can be separately looked up. Similarly, the samasa printed as Buddhaiduka stands for Buddha-eduka and not Buddha-aiduka (which are the two possibilities listed in the vowel sandhi grid of 10.A.3): the reasoning here is that, although ^ and ^ are both long vowels, the 'weaker' of the two vowels in terms of guna and vrddhi (see section 10.A.2), is given the thin stroke in the caret symbol.

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  • phillipp
    What is the significance of 10 caret?
    1 year ago

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