Significance of Hyphen and Caret Symbols

Turning again to page 733 column two, find the samasa listed under Buddha beginning with -kapalini and -kalpa the hyphen not only indicates that the word is appended to Buddha (see section 12.3), but that kapalinl and kalpa are words that may be separately looked up in the dictionary, and this is why the next samasa, -kaya-varna-parinispatty-abhinirhara is itself hyphenated (each element, kaya and varna for example, may usually be separately found in the dictionary). Where the samasa is printed...

Illustrations of Dhatu Patha

The dhatu for each word of the previous exercise of Dictionary Practice section 14.6 will be used as a practical demonstration in the use of the Dhatu-Patha the dhatu is located in the index, then its artha found in the body, and finally the artha is examined in the dictionary. 1 MW758a y lft l.bhi, cl.3.P. to fear, be afraid of Dh.P. Index f t T 3T Dh.P. Body f gt T MW747a -RT bhaya n. yfbhi fear, alarm, dread NOTES This dhatu has its anubandha syllable placed in front of it in the index this...

LlAl Visarga Sandhi

This is most conveniently presented directly in tabular form 1 -Vs any vowel except a or a before the final s. 2 -Vr any vowel before the final r. 3 A followed by another is elided, and a preceding 3T f or 3 lengthened. Note The words iT or followed by hrasva -3T becomes TtS or 'il before any other letter the visarga is dropped. The table is simple enough. Basically a final s or r becomes r before a voiced ghosa sound which includes the vowels, of course the exceptions to this are 1 -Vs any...