Introduction to Compound Words

The dhatu root is the basic form of a word denoting verbal activity in order to form a noun naman or adjective visesana etc., this activity needs to 'freeze', as it were, to make it into an object that is manifest and knowable. This 'fixing' of the meaning is accomplished by the addition of a suffix pratyaya the process in English is similar for example, from the verb 'attend' given in 7.B.1, are derived attendance the action of attending, attention the quality of attending, attentive having...

Illustrations of Dhatu Patha

The dhatu for each word of the previous exercise of Dictionary Practice section 14.6 will be used as a practical demonstration in the use of the Dhatu-Patha the dhatu is located in the index, then its artha found in the body, and finally the artha is examined in the dictionary. 1 MW758a y lft l.bhi, cl.3.P. to fear, be afraid of Dh.P. Index f t T 3T Dh.P. Body f gt T MW747a -RT bhaya n. yfbhi fear, alarm, dread NOTES This dhatu has its anubandha syllable placed in front of it in the index this...

Guna and Vrddhi

The grammatical terms guna 'secondary form' and vrddhi 'increase' can be considered as degrees of strengthening of the three primary vowels. Panini defines guna as the three vowels and and vrddhi as and afr , and also gives the means for deriving the strengthened forms of the other two simple vowels f and 1 The breve and macron diacritical marks, used together indicate a long OR short measure of the vowel. 2 In the grammatical formation of words, the dlrgha measure does not occur. 3 The vrddhi...