Persian Mages

A large proportion of the male sorcerers in the Graeco-Roman literary tradition are strongly characterized as deriving from the lands of the ancient civilizations of the Near East and Egypt and as manipulating the wisdom of these civilizations. The frequent representation of sorcerers as Orientals and Egyptians in the extant texts is perhaps best explained as an example of the Greek tendency to invent the barbarian, that is, to project attributes regarded as undesirable or bizarre among free...

Simon Magus

When Peter had said this to us, Niceta asked to be permitted to say something to him. Peter graciously granted the request. I beseech you, he said, my lord Peter, to give heed to me in my anxiety for you. I am afraid that you may give the impression of being beaten in your contest with Simon. For it often happens that the defender of truth is not continuously successful, when the audience is prejudiced in someone's favor, or when they don't have any great...

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Tinctly and in a fashion close to death. His soul would escape from his body and wander through the ether like a bird, observing everything beneath, land, sea, rivers, cities, peoples, their experiences and the natural world. Then it would enter into his body again and set it back on its feet, as if it were making use of an instrument, and it would recount the various things it had seen and heard among the various peoples. FOR MAXIMUS, AS for OTHERS, the ASSOCIATION between reincarnation and...

Apollonius Of Tyana

Apollonius of Tyana (in Cappadocia) and Alexander of Abonouteichos (in Pa-phlagonia) were both neo-Pythagoreans, and the miraculous feats attributed to them can, accordingly, be seen to follow in the tradition of those attributed to Pythagoras himself and the shamans (see 1-9). Alexander was pupil to a pupil of Apollonius. For each a substantial ancient biography survives, and these conveniently form an antithetical pair Philostratus's biography of Apollonius is positive and admiring, if highly...

Byzantine distinctions of the varieties of magic Sorcery [goetea magic [magea Sorcery the derivation of the term

They were the xA.D. inventions of the Medes and the Persians. Magic is the invocation of beneficent Suda sv goeteia demons to achieve a good goal, as with the miracles of Apollonius of Tyana. The (sorcery) term sorcery is applied to the raising of the dead by invocation, and the term is k derived from the wailing goo and the laments that are performed at tombs. The term witchcraft poisoning is used whenever some deadly drug is made into a po tion and given to...

Pythagorass golden thigh Abariss flight on his arrow It is commonly spoken of that

Pythagoras showed his golden thigh to Abaris the Hyperborean after the latter had conjectured that he was Hyperborean Apollo, whose priest he was, thus confirming the truth of it. It is also known that when a ship was putting in to port and his friends were praying that its cargo should be theirs Pythagoras said, Then you will have a corpse, and the ship duly arrived with a corpse on board. A great many tales even more marvelous and divine have been told about the man, either similar to these...

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The Haemonian i.e., Thessalian mothers brought thanks-offerings for the safe return of their sons, as did their aged fathers, and with fire they melted piles of incense. A sacrificial victim, its horns plated with gold, repaid their vow. But Aeson was absent from the congratulations, for he was now quite close to death and worn out by his old years. The son of Aeson spoke My wife, to whom I admit I owe my safety, you have already given me everything, and the sum of...

The tradition and lore of the mages I have repeatedly been exposing the emptiness of the

Claims made by the mages in the foregoing part of this work, whenever this was demanded by the case and the theme, and I go on to reveal it again now. The subject is one among few requiring further development, for the very reason that this most fraudulent of crafts has exercised the greatest power all over the world for many centuries. It is no wonder that it has been so influential, since it alone has encompassed three other crafts that exercise the strongest control over the human mind and...

Persian mages Pythagoras Numa and lecanomancy Even Numa himself to whom no

Prophet was sent by god, nor any early v A.D. holy angel, was compelled to perform hydromancy water-divination to see images Augustine i B.C of gods in water, or rather the deceptions of demons, by whom he was told what Varro sacred rites and observances he should establish. Varro again says that this variety Augustine City of God of divination was brought over from the Persians, and he reports that it was em-7.35, citing Vairo ployed both by Numa himself and subsequently by the philosopher...

Hermotimus of Clazomenae Soulprojection The following sort of thing is reported of

They say his soul would wander from his body and stay away for many years. Visiting places, it would predict what was going to happen, for example torrential rains or droughts, and in addition earthquakes and pestilences and the suchlike. His body would just lie there, and after an interval his soul would return to it, as if to its shell, and arouse it. He did this frequently, and whenever he was about to go on his travels he gave his wife the order that no one,...

Egyptians

The notion that there was a special association between magic and Egypt is already found in the seventh-century B.C. Odyssey 74 , but it came to thrive particularly in Graeco-Roman literature in the A.D. period, reflecting in part, no doubt, the culture of the Graeco-Egyptian magical papyri. In particular, it was held that, just like the Greek shamans, the Egyptians derived their wisdom from protracted sojourns in underground chambers or inner crypts. Accordingly, Pythagoras was said to have...

Shamanism In The Caucasus Medea

Female sorcerers, or witches, are far more prominent than their male counterparts in mainstream classical literature, which is not to say that women were more inclined than men to turn to sorcery in reality. Two related, all-round witch figures above all flourished in Greek myth and Greek and Latin literature, Medea and Circe. Both of them are very ancient figures and were developed in the early epics. No early epic account of Medea survives, although there is perhaps a very dim reflection of...

The Deianeira Tradition

For Deianeira see also 94 importantly . 76 Deianeira kills Heracles with a bogus love potion 36. While he was making his way Heracles arrived at the river Evenus and came across the centaur Nessus ferrying people across the river for a fee. He ferried Deianeira across the river first, fell in love with her because of her beauty, and so tried to rape her. But she shouted out to her husband and Heracles shot the centaur. Nessus, in the midst of congress and dying almost at once because of the...

Circe

72 Circe, Greek literature's first witch, and Odysseus 133. We sailed on from there grieved in heart, glad to escape from death ourselves, but having lost dear companions. We arrived at the island of Aeaea. There lived Circe of the beautiful tresses, a terrible goddess, endowed with speech. She was the full sister of Aeetes of the destructive mind. Both were born of the Sun that shines on mortals and from their mother Perse, the daughter sired by Ocean. We beached the ship in a harbor suitable...

The sorcerers apprentice [Eucrates speaks Ill tell you another story one in which I was a

Participant, not one I heard from someone else. When you hear this, Tychiades, perhaps even you will be persuaded of the truth of the narrative. I was in Egypt at the time. I was still a young man, and had been sent there by my father for my education. I was eager to sail up to Coptus and from there to go to the statue of Memnon to hear the marvelous sound it makes before the rising sun. The common experience is to hear some meaningless voice from it, but Memnon actually gave me a prophecy,...

BC

Euripides Hippolytus 476-81 and 507-18 83 An imaginary and confused love spell 476. Nurse to Phaedra You re in love, so endure it. This is the will of a god. Since you are sick with love, turn the disease to your advantage. There are incantations and bewitching words. A drug pharmakon will be found for this disease. Men would be slow to find solutions, if we women didn t. 507. Nurse You should not be erring thus, but since you do, take my advice. This will be the next best thing you can do for...

Hippocrates attacks the mages cure for epilepsy I think that the first people to

Have projected this disease epilepsy as sacred were men like those who are now mages magoi and purifiers kathartai and beggar-priests agurtai and vagrant-charlatans alazones . These people purport to be extremely reverent of the gods and to know something more than the rest of us. 11. They use the divine to hide behind and to cloak the fact that they have nothing to apply to the disease and bring relief. So that their ignorance should not become manifest, they promoted the belief that this...

Canidia And Erictho

The Epodes and Satires are Horace s earliest books of poems. Both were complete by 30 B.C. Within these a cycle is devoted to the horrid witch Canidia and her colleagues. Passing mentions of her in poems beyond those printed here use her name as a byword for poisoning Epodes 3, where Horace compares garlic to her poisons Satires 2.1.48, where Canidia threatens people she does not like with the poison of Albucius and Satires 2.8.95, where Fundanius runs from an elaborate feast as if Canidia had...

Simaetha And Her Tradition

One of the most famous and distinctive descriptions of magical practice in ancient literature is the monologue composed as an Idyll by the Hellenistic poet Theocritus for Simaetha as she performs erotic magic to recover her supposedly errant lover Delphis. It is reproduced here together with a text from which it may be derived 88 and a text derived from it 90 . 88 Women claiming to drive out the goddess Put plural the table down as it is. Take a salt lump in the hand and put bay leaves around...