The Pentagram is the fouth sacred Tool. It represents the Element of Earth, and the Goddess as Union of All Things.
The Pentagram is a five-pointed star in a circle. As a tool it is usually worn as a medallion. The Pentagram medallion can be used to focus energy, and also to ground it. To focus energy through the medallion, you would visualize a ball of light in your Heart Chakra, or your Thymus Chakra, then focus a beam of that light through the medallion. You can also hold the medallion in your hand and focus energy through it. In this case you would focus through your Palm Chakra.You can also pull the energy down through the crown Chakra and focus it through the medallion.
To ground energy you place both hands over the medallion and release into it,visualizing all excess energy going into the medallion. Then you must cleanse the medallion under running water.
You will learn more about how to do these things in future lessons.
The Pentagram has a very ancient history, being as old as recorded history. In Egypt the five-pointed star was called Tuwa and represented the Divine power, and magic in general. The Pentagram, the five-pointed Tuwa star in a circle, was called Tuwat and represented the Spirit realm. In Greece the five-pointed star was the symbol of Pythagorean thought. The Pythagoreans called it the Pentalpha or "five A's" because it could be broken down into five letter "A's." The Pythagoreans considered it very sacred that the Pentalpha could be drawn with a single line, and they extrapolated all manner of mathematical and metaphysical theories from it. The Pythagoreans marked the Pentalpha on their palms as a sign of identification. To this day to have a natural pentagram marked in the lines of the palm of the hand is considered a sign of extreme magical potency in palmistry.
The Pentagram is said to represent the Four Elements together with the fifth Element which is Spirit. It is also said to represent the human form with arms and legs outspread.
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