Things to remember while reading The Apology of Samuel Sewall

• The guilt and shame of the execution of the first accused witch (Bridget Bishop; see biography entry) led to the resignation of magistrate Nathaniel Saltonstall. Unable to be a part of the trials any longer, he left saying that the fits that a handful of

Salem girls used as evidence of being "bewitched" and spectral evidence were not good sources for primary evidence. He was replaced by Johnathan Corwin.

• At the end of the trials, when the court of Oyer and Terminer was closed, Sewall was the only judge who felt enough shame for what had occurred that he apologized in front of the church congregation.

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